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Accelerators in Research

The Energy Transformer

In particle collisions the energy of the colliding particles can be transformed to mass.
 

In basic research accelerators are often used as energy transformers. In accelerators, charged particles are accelerated to high energy (high speed) by electric fields. In particle collisions, more or all the available energy can be transformed into other particles or into X-rays. Einstein's formula E = mc2, describing that energy and mass are equivalent entities, describes in mathematical terms how energy is transformed. With more powerful accelerators and higher collision energies more massive and sometimes new particles can be discovered.




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