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Introduction

 
The development of the transistor, the laser and the microchip all relied on quantum theories.
 

Quantum physics deals with nature at the atomic level. Although this may sound far removed from everyday experiences, quantum physics has totally revolutionised 20th century science and society. Quantitative quantum theories of matter and radiation have allowed extremely rapid progress within electronics- and photonics-based technologies. The development of the transistor (Nobel Prize in Physics 1956), the laser (Nobel Prize in Physics 1964) and the microchip (Nobel Prize in Physics 2000) to name but a few, all relied on quantum theories - the most precisely tested theories in the history of science.

 

Related Laureates

 The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 - William B. Shockley »  The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 - John Bardeen »  The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 - Walter Houser Brattain »
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1964 - Charles Hard Townes » The Nobel Prize in Physics 1964 - Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov »  The Nobel Prize in Physics 1964 - Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov »
 The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000 - Zhores I Alferov »  The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000 - Herbert Kroemer »  The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000 - Jack S Kilby »
 



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