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Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

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Frequently Asked Questions

Nominations


Where can I find information on how to nominate for a Nobel Prize?

Is it possible to nominate someone for a posthumous Nobel Prize?

What about the rumours circling around the world about certain people being nominated for the Nobel Prize?

How can I propose new invention for the Nobel Prize?

Are three nominations enough to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?

Can an eligible nominator reveal whom he/she has nominated for the Nobel Prize within 50 years?

Was Stalin ever nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize?

Who was the nominator of Literature Laureate Rabindranath Tagore?

Has X been nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize, or where do I find a list of Nobel Prize nominees?

Was Mahatma Gandhi ever nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize?

Who selects the Nobel Laureates?

What are the conditions needed to be awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?

How can I nominate myself or someone for a Nobel Prize?

How can I nominate for a Nobel Peace Prize?


Where can I find information on how to nominate for a Nobel Prize?

Here you can find information on the nomination process, and how the committees select the final candidates:

Nomination and Selection of Physics Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Chemistry Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Medicine Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Literature Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Peace Prize Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Laureates in Economic Sciences


Is it possible to nominate someone for a posthumous Nobel Prize?

No, it is not possible to nominate someone for a posthumous Nobel Prize. Previously, a person could be awarded a prize posthumously if he/she had already been nominated before February 1 of the same year, which was true of Erik Axel Karlfeldt (Nobel Prize in Literature 1931) and Dag Hammarskjöld (Nobel Peace Prize, 1961).

Effective from 1974, the prize may only go to a deceased person to whom the prize was already awarded (usually in October), but who had died before he/she could receive the Prize on 10 December (William Vickrey, 1996 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel).

See also paragraph 4 of the Statutes of the Nobel Foundation.


What about the rumours circling around the world about certain people being nominated for the Nobel Prize?

Well, either it's just a rumour, or someone among the invited nominators has leaked information. Since the nominations are kept secret for 50 years, you'll have to wait until then to find out.


How can I propose new invention for the Nobel Prize?

First you have to check that you are a qualified nominator. Here you can find information on the nomination process för each prize category:

Nomination and Selection of Physics Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Chemistry Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Medicine Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Literature Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Peace Prize Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Laureates in Economic Sciences


Are three nominations enough to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?

Frederick G. Banting and John Macleod were awarded the 1923 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine the first year they were nominated (with three nominations) for their discovery of insulin. By contrast, Robert Koch was nominated 55 times over 4 years before he received the Prize in 1905 for his discoveries concerning tuberculosis.

See the Nomination Database for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1901-1951


Can an eligible nominator reveal whom he/she has nominated for the Nobel Prize within 50 years?

According to the Statutes of the Nobel Foundation, information about the nominations is not to be disclosed, publicly or privately, for a period of fifty years. The restriction not only concerns the nominees and nominators, but also investigations and opinions in the awarding of a prize.


Was Stalin ever nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize?

Joseph Stalin, the Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922-1953), was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 and 1948 for his efforts to end World War II.

Jane Addams was nominated 91 times between 1916 and 1931, when she was finally awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. By contrast Emily Green Balch, Fridtjof Nansen and Theodore Roosevelt received the Nobel Peace Prize the first year they were nominated.

See the Nomination Database for the Nobel Peace Prize, 1901-1955


Who was the nominator of Literature Laureate Rabindranath Tagore?

In the nomination database for the Nobel Prizes you can search for nominations and nominators.


Has X been nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize, or where do I find a list of Nobel Prize nominees?

According to the Statutes of the Nobel Foundation, information about the nominations is not to be disclosed, publicly or privately, for a period of fifty years. The restriction not only concerns the nominees and nominators, but also investigations and opinions in the awarding of a prize.

Nomination information older than fifty years is public. At Nobelprize.org, you can explore the nomination databases for three prize categories:

The nomination database for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
The nomination database for the Nobel Prize in Literature
The Nomination database for the Nobel Peace Prize

Nomination databases for the other prize categories will follow.


Was Mahatma Gandhi ever nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize?

Mahatma Gandhi was never awarded the Nobel Prize. The strongest symbol of non-violence in the 20th century never received the Nobel Peace Prize despite several nominations (12 nominations between 1937 and 1948.)

Read the article Mahatma Gandhi, the Missing Laureate


Who selects the Nobel Laureates?

In his last will and testament, Alfred Nobel specifically designated the institutions responsible for the prizes he wished to be established: The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for the Nobel Prize in Physics and Chemistry, Karolinska Institutet for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, the Swedish Academy for the Nobel Prize in Literature, and a Committee of five persons to be elected by the Norwegian Parliament (Storting) for the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 1968, the Sveriges Riksbank established the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences was given the task to select the Laureates in Economic Sciences starting in 1969.

Links to the prize awarding institutions' web sites.


What are the conditions needed to be awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?

Read more about the Medicine Prize at the website of the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet.


How can I nominate myself or someone for a Nobel Prize?

No person can nominate herself/himself. Qualifications to nominate candidates vary somewhat among the Nobel Prize awarding institutions. To find out who has the right to submit proposals for an award, see the links below.

Nomination and Selection of Physics Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Chemistry Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Medicine Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Literature Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Peace Prize Laureates
Nomination and Selection of Economic Sciences Laureates


How can I nominate for a Nobel Peace Prize?

Here you can find information on the process of selecting Nobel Peace Prize Laureates and who has the right to submit proposals.


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MLA style: "FAQ". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 27 Nov 2014. <http://www.nobelprize.org/faq/questions_in_category.php?id=4>

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