Announcement dates
Shimon Peres.

Shimon Peres Passes Away

Shimon Peres passed away on 28 September at age 93. He was awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize together with Yasser Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East".

"From my earliest youth, I have known that while one is obliged to plan with care the stages of one's journey, one is entitled to dream, and keep dreaming, of its destination. A man may feel as old as his years, yet as young as his dreams. The laws of biology do not apply to sanguine aspiration. "

Announcement of the Nobel Peace Prize

Announcement Dates

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE - Monday 3 October, 11:30 a.m. at the earliest
PHYSICS - Tuesday 4 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
CHEMISTRY - Wednesday 5 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
PEACE - Friday 7 October, 11:00 a.m.
ECONOMIC SCIENCES - Monday 10 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
LITERATURE - The date will be set later.
Times listed are local time in Sweden.
More details and information for the press

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Laurel wreaths

What is a Nobel Laureate?

A Laureate is a person honoured for high achievement in a particular field. A Nobel Laureate is someone who has been awarded the Nobel Prize.

The word "laureate" refers to being signified by the laurel wreath. In ancient Greece, laurel wreaths were awarded to victors as a sign of honour.

More Nobel Prize facts

The 2016 Nobel Prize
in Physiology or Medicine will be announced in:

4 days

Monday 3 October, 11:30 a.m.
at the earliest.

On Being Awarded the Nobel Prize

Peter Higgs

"And I said: 'What award?'"
Peter Higgs, Nobel Laureate in Physics 2013

Barry Marshall

"Robin and I often have a beer down by the riverside"
Barry Marshall, Medicine 2005

More memories

Elizabeth Blackburn

"Did you think we murdered somebody?"
Elizabeth Blackburn, Medicine 2009

Hiroshi Amano

"I didn't understand the reason of all congratulations"
Hiroshi Amano, Physics 2014

Jerome Karle

"The president of the USA called me up"
Jerome Karle, Chemistry 1985

Amartya Sen

"I needed a cup of coffee"
Amartya Sen, Economic Sciences 1998

Muhammad Yunus

"Immediately the whole country was electrified"
Muhammad Yunus, Peace 2006

Mairead Corrigan

"I really felt very frightened, I didn't know how to cope"
Mairead Corrigan, Peace 1976

Nobel Laureates Facts

William E. Moerner receiving his Nobel Prize from His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2014. Photo: Niklas Elmehed

All Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Between 1901 and 2015, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 573 times to 900 people and organizations.

All Nobel Prizes
Malala Yousafzai

The Youngest Laureate

The youngest Nobel Laureate ever is 17-year old Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Malala Yousafzai.

List of all Nobel Laureates by age
Pierre and Marie Curie

Nobel Prize Awarded Organizations

The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 26 times to organizations.

See the list of awarded organizations
Nobel Medal. Registered trademark of the Nobel Foundation. © ® The Nobel Foundation.

Last Year's Laureates

10 persons were awarded in 2015, two women, eight men; and one organization.

See all 2015 Nobel Laureates and why they were awarded

Nobel Prize Nominations

Nobel Laureates

Who Do You Think Deserves a Nobel Prize?

Alfred Nobel wanted most of his fortune to be used for prizes to those who "shall have conferred the greatest benefit to mankind". Who do you think is worthy of a Nobel Prize?

Post your suggestion here

Who Can Nominate for A Nobel Prize?

No person can nominate herself/himself for a Nobel Prize. But who can? And how are these persons chosen?

Read more about how the Nobel Laureates are nominated
Archive files

Explore the Nomination Archive

Search among the names of the nominees and nominators, as well as additional information about the nominations 1901-1964.

Search in the archive

Who Nominated Whom?

Here you can search for a nominee or a nominator, and see how the nominations were made across countries.

Explore the nomination map
Nobel women

They Changed the World

Literary mastery, pioneering science, life-saving discoveries and actions for peace and human rights – achievements of women around the world awarded the Nobel Prize.

See all awarded women
2014 Medicicne Laureates John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser

Explore the Nobel Prize Talks Podcast

Get to know the individuals that have been awarded the Nobel Prize a little bit better. Find your favourite among the episodes!

See all episodes
Nobel Prize Award Ceremony. Photo: Alex Ljungdahl

The Nobel Foundation Annual Report 2015

The Nobel Foundation’s capital has grown by one billion Swedish kronor since 2011.

Read more

Information for the Press

Nobel Prize Series launches in India for long-term program

The Nobel Foundation’s capital has grown by one billion Swedish kronor since 2011

Press room

Alfred Nobel - Established the Nobel Prizes

Alfred Nobel

Scientist and Inventor

Chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK (today about 265 million dollar) to fund the Nobel Prizes.

Alfred Nobel's life and work
Alfred Nobel and his family

Alfred Nobel's Early Years

When Alfred was five years old his father Immanuel, inventor and builder, moved to St. Petersburg. Alfred joined him a few years later.

Early years in St. Petersburg
Will of Alfred Nobel

A Controversial Will

In his will of 27 November 1895 signed in Paris, Alfred Nobel specified that the bulk of his fortune should be used for prizes.

Excerpt of Alfred Nobel's will
Quiz logotype

Alfred Nobel Quiz

How much do you know about the founder of the Nobel Prize, Alfred Nobel?

Try the quiz
Jonas Kaufmann. © Gregor Hohenberg/Sony Music Jonas Kaufmann. Photo © Gregor Hohenberg/Sony Music.

Jonas Kaufmann Soloist at the Nobel Prize Concert 2016

Jonas Kaufmann, "the most important versatile tenor of his generation", will perform at the Nobel Prize Concert in Stockholm, Sweden, on 8 December 2016. Gianandrea Noseda, newly appointed music director at the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington DC, USA, will lead the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra. Tickets are on sale at

More about the 2016 Nobel Prize Concert
Nobel Center, night view. © David Chipperfield Architects

© David Chipperfield Architects

A New Home for the Nobel Prize

Nobel Center is to be built on Blasieholmen, on a wonderful site along Stockholm's central waterfront. Through its broad public activities, the Nobel Center will invite people into the Nobel Prize’s unique world of natural sciences, humanities and peace efforts and become a meeting place that inspires curiosity and creativity.

Read more about the Nobel Center

Educational Games

Diabetic Dog Game

Save the Dog

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Blood Typing Game


Learn about human blood types and blood transfusions!

Play the Blood Typing Game

Diabetic Dog Game

A Drooling Game

Train a dog to drool on command! It's all about conditioned learning.

Play the Pavlov's Dog Game
Laser Challenge Game

All about Laser

Collect a star and answer its laser question correctly.

Play the Laser Challenge Game

In Memoriam

James W. Cronin

James W. Cronin Passes Away

James W. Cronin passed away on 25 August, 84 years old. He was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery that the matter-antimatter symmetry is violated when the neutral K-meson decays.

Video interview with James Cronin
1980 Nobel Prize in Physics

Roger Y. Tsien

Chemistry Laureate Roger Tsien Dies, Age 64

Roger Tsien shared the 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP". He passed away on 24 August.

More about the 2008 Chemistry Prize
Reinhard Selten

Reinhard Selten Passes Away

Reinhard Selten shared the 1994 Prize in Economic Sciences and was awarded for pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games. Reinhard Selten died on 23 August, at age 85.

Video interview with Reinhard Selten
Ahmed Zewail

Ahmed Zewail 1946-2016

Ahmed Zewail passed away on 2 August at age 70. He was awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his pioneering investigation of fundamental chemical reactions, using ultra-short laser flashes, on the time scale on which the reactions actually occur.

1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry