Raul R. Gainetdinova,1, Sara R.
Jonesa, Fabio Fumagallia,2, R. Mark
Wightmanb, Marc G. Carona,*
aHoward Hughes Medical Institute Laboratories, Department of Cell Biology and Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710 USA, bDepartment of Chemistry and Curriculum in Neurobiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA
Mice with a genetic deletion of the dopamine transporter (DAT) were used to asses its role in the function of dopamine (DA) neurons. Profound alterations in the homeostasis of the nigrostriatal DA system were induced by the absence of the DAT. Extracellular levels of DA were elevated and clearance of released DA was 300-times slower than in control mice. This was accompanied by a 20-fold decrease in tissue DA levels and a paradoxical doubling of the rate of DA synthesis. A crucial role is indicated for the DAT in maintenance of DA neuron presynaptic function, particularly in the control of storage mechanisms.
1) Raul R. Gainetdinov is a visiting fellow from the Institute of Pharmacology, RAMS, Baltiyskaya 8, 125315, Moscow, Russia.
2) Fabio Fumagalli is a visiting fellow from the Center of Neuropharmacology, Institute of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milan, Via Balzaretti 9, 20133, Milan, Italy.
Brain Research Reviews 26 (1998)
Copyright © 1998 Elsevier Science B. V. All rights reserved.