Nobelprize.org
Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Centennial Symposia

The Conflicts of the 20th Century and the Solutions for the 21st Century

(2001, NCS 2001-5)
The Norwegian Nobel Committee
December 6-8
Holmenkollen Park Hotel, Oslo, Norway
Proceedings: Lundestad-Njølstad: War and Peace in the 20th Century and Beyond, 2002, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore.

 

Videos On-Demand

December 6

Opening of the Nobel Symposium

Speech by Gunnar Berge, Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee

See a Video of the Opening Speech
14 min.
Play

 

Session I: War and Peace in the 20th Century: The Overall Balance - How Can We Do Better?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Eric Hobsbawm, University of London, United Kingdom:
War and Peace in the 20th Century

See a Video of the Speech
14 min.
Play

 

Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Kim Dae-jung

See a Video of Kim Dae-jung's Statement
English interpretation 17 min.
Play
Korean 17 min.
Play

 

Nobel Commentators:
Speech by Jacques Forster, Vice-President of the International Committee of the Red Cross

See a Video of the Speech
12 min.
Play

 

Speech by Mairead Corrigan Maguire

See a Video of Mairead Corrigan Maguire's Speech
11 min.
Play

 

Discussion

See a Video of the Discussion
16 min.
Play

 

Session II: War and Peace in the 20th Century: The Overall Balance – How Can We Do Better?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Michael Doyle, Princeton University, USA:
Ideologies and Polities: Liberal Democracy and National Dictatorship in Peace and War

See a Video of the Speech
14 min.
Play

 

Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Colm Ó Cuanacháin, Chairman of Amnesty International

See a Video of the Statement
14 min.
Play

 

Nobel Commentators:
Speech by Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

See a Video of Adolfo Pérez Esquivel's Speech
English interpretation 12 min.
Play
Spanish 12 min.
Play

 

Speech by Lech Walesa

See a Video of the Lech Walesa's Speech
English interpretation 10 min.
Play
Polish 10 min.
Play

 

Speech by Juan Somavia, Director General of International Labour Organisation

See a Video of the Speech
12 min.
Play

 

Speech by Morten Rostrup, President of Médecins Sans Frontières

See a Video of the Speech
10 min.
Play

 

Session III: Ethnic Conflict, Racism and Hatred – End Discrimination and Protect Minority Rights?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Mahmood Mamdani, Columbia University, USA:
Making Sense of Violence in Postcolonial Africa

See a Video of the Speech
14 min.
Play

 

Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Rigoberta Menchú Tum

See a Video of Rigoberta Menchú Tum's Statement
English interpretation 18 min.
Play
Spanish 18 min.
Play

 

Nobel Commentator:
Speech by David Trimble

See a Video of David Trimble's Statement
17 min.
Play

 

Discussion

See a Video of the Discussion
18 min.
Play

 

Session IV: Economic Exploitation and Inequalities – Fight Famine, Promote Sustainable Development?

Scholar/Laureate(Economics):
Speech by Amartya Sen, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom:
Global Inequality and Persistent Conflicts

See a Video of Amartya Sen's Speech
20 min.
Play

 

Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Juan Manuel Súarez del Toro Rivero, President of International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

See a Video of the Statement
20 min.
Play

 

Nobel Commentators:
Speech by Norman E. Borlaug

See a Video of Norman E. Borlaug's Speech
12 min.
Play

 

Speech by Ruud Lubbers, High Commissioner, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

See a Video of the Speech
12 min.
Play

 

Speech by Carol Bellamy, Executive Director, United Nations Children's Fund

See a Video of the Speech
6 min.
Play

 

December 7

Session V: The Rise and Fall of Great Powers – Build Institutions to Promote Peaceful Change?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Harvard University, USA:
The Rise and Fall of Great Powers

See a Video of the Speech
14 min.
Play

 

Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Elie Wiesel

See a Video of Elie Wiesel's Statement
23 min.
Play

 

Nobel Commentator:
Speech by Cora Weiss, President of the International Peace Bureau

See a Video of the Speech
11 min.
Play

 

Discussion

See a Video of the Discussion
24 min.
Play

 

Session VI: Militarism and Arms Races – Strengthen Arms Control and Disarmament?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Mary H. Kaldor, London School of Economics, United Kingdom:
Beyond Militarism, Arms Races and Arms Control

See a Video of the Speech
17 min.
Play

 

Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Joseph Rotblat

See a Video of Joseph Rotblat's Statement
17 min.
Play

 

Nobel Commentators:
Speech by Dr Bernard Lown, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

See a Video of the Speech
23 min.
Play

 

Speech by Stephen Goose, International Campaign to Ban Landmines

See a Video of the Speech
12 min.
Play

 

Speech by Jody Williams

See a Video of Jody Williams' Speech
10 min.
Play

 

Speech by Francesco Calogero, Chairman of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

See a Video of the Speech
11 min.
Play

 

Discussion

See a Video of the Discussion
6 min.
Play

 

Session VII: Rivalry Over Territory and Resources – Promote Economic Integration and Free Trade?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Louise Fawcett, Oxford University, United Kingdom:
Rivalry over Territory and Resources and the Balance of Peace and War: The Twentieth Century

See a Video of the Speech
13 min.
Play

 

Nobel Commentator:
Speech by John Hume

See a Video of John Hume's Speech
22 min.
Play

 

Discussion

See a Video of the Discussion
36 min.
Play

 

Session VIII: Misperception, Mistrust, Fear – Combat Stereotypes, Strengthen Peaceful Norms?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Akira Iriye, Harvard University, USA:
Misperception, Mistrust, Fear

See a Video of the Speech
15 min.
Play

 

Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Dalai Lama

See a Video of Dalai Lama's Statement
24 min.
Play

 

Nobel Commentators:
Speech by Arnold Kohen, speaking on behalf of Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo

See a Video of the Speech
6 min.
Play

 

Speech by Mary Ellen McNish, General Secretary of the American Friends Service Committee

See a Video of the Speech
7 min.
Play

 

Speech by Christian Dominicé, General Secretary, Institute of International Law

See a Video of the Speech
9 min.
Play

 

Discussion

See a Video of the Discussion
11 min.
Play

 

December 8

Session IX: The World and the Nobel Peace Prize in the 21st century – Old and New Dimensions

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Geir Lundestad, Norwegian Nobel Institute:
The Nobel Peace Prize in its Next Century: Old and New Dimensions

See a Video of the Speech
13 min.
Play

 

Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Oscar Arias Sánchez

See a Video of Oscar Arias Sánchez's Statement
17 min.
Play

 

Nobel Commentator:
Speech by José Ramos-Horta

See a Video of José Ramos-Horta's Speech
17 min.
Play

 

Discussion

See a Video of the Discussion
16 min.
Play

 

Closing Speeches:
Speech by Desmond Mpilo Tutu

See a Video of Desmond Mpilo Tutu's Speech
20 min.
Play

 

Speech by Gunnar Stålsett, Deputy Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee

See a Video of the Speech
14 min.
Play

 

Interpreters' note: This is a live recording of members of AIIC, the International Association of Conference Interpreters, interpreting simultaneously at the Nobel Prize Centennial Symposium. It is not intended to be a literal or definitive translation of the proceedings.

Share this:
To cite this page
MLA style: "Nobel Centennial Symposia - The Conflicts of the 20th Century and the Solutions for the 21st Century". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 29 Jul 2014. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_organizations/nobelfoundation/symposia/peace/ncs2001-5/about.html>

Recommended:

On 27 November 1895 Alfred Nobel signed his last will in Paris.

 

Try to save some patients and learn about human blood types!

 

Discover the 2012 awarded research on stem cells and cell signalling.