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Nobel Centennial Symposia

The Conflicts of the 20th Century and the Solutions for the 21st Century

(2001, NCS 2001-5)
The Norwegian Nobel Committee
December 6-8
Holmenkollen Park Hotel, Oslo, Norway
Proceedings: Lundestad-Njølstad: War and Peace in the 20th Century and Beyond, 2002, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore.

 

Videos On-Demand

December 6

Opening of the Nobel Symposium

Speech by Gunnar Berge, Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee

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14 min.
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Session I: War and Peace in the 20th Century: The Overall Balance - How Can We Do Better?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Eric Hobsbawm, University of London, United Kingdom:
War and Peace in the 20th Century

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14 min.
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Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Kim Dae-jung

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English interpretation 17 min.
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Korean 17 min.
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Nobel Commentators:
Speech by Jacques Forster, Vice-President of the International Committee of the Red Cross

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12 min.
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Speech by Mairead Corrigan Maguire

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11 min.
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Discussion

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16 min.
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Session II: War and Peace in the 20th Century: The Overall Balance – How Can We Do Better?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Michael Doyle, Princeton University, USA:
Ideologies and Polities: Liberal Democracy and National Dictatorship in Peace and War

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14 min.
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Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Colm Ó Cuanacháin, Chairman of Amnesty International

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14 min.
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Nobel Commentators:
Speech by Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

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English interpretation 12 min.
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Spanish 12 min.
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Speech by Lech Walesa

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English interpretation 10 min.
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Polish 10 min.
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Speech by Juan Somavia, Director General of International Labour Organisation

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12 min.
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Speech by Morten Rostrup, President of Médecins Sans Frontières

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10 min.
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Session III: Ethnic Conflict, Racism and Hatred – End Discrimination and Protect Minority Rights?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Mahmood Mamdani, Columbia University, USA:
Making Sense of Violence in Postcolonial Africa

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14 min.
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Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Rigoberta Menchú Tum

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English interpretation 18 min.
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Spanish 18 min.
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Nobel Commentator:
Speech by David Trimble

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17 min.
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Discussion

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18 min.
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Session IV: Economic Exploitation and Inequalities – Fight Famine, Promote Sustainable Development?

Scholar/Laureate(Economics):
Speech by Amartya Sen, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom:
Global Inequality and Persistent Conflicts

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20 min.
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Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Juan Manuel Súarez del Toro Rivero, President of International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

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20 min.
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Nobel Commentators:
Speech by Norman E. Borlaug

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12 min.
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Speech by Ruud Lubbers, High Commissioner, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

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12 min.
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Speech by Carol Bellamy, Executive Director, United Nations Children's Fund

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6 min.
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December 7

Session V: The Rise and Fall of Great Powers – Build Institutions to Promote Peaceful Change?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Harvard University, USA:
The Rise and Fall of Great Powers

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14 min.
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Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Elie Wiesel

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23 min.
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Nobel Commentator:
Speech by Cora Weiss, President of the International Peace Bureau

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11 min.
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Discussion

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24 min.
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Session VI: Militarism and Arms Races – Strengthen Arms Control and Disarmament?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Mary H. Kaldor, London School of Economics, United Kingdom:
Beyond Militarism, Arms Races and Arms Control

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17 min.
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Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Joseph Rotblat

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17 min.
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Nobel Commentators:
Speech by Dr Bernard Lown, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

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23 min.
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Speech by Stephen Goose, International Campaign to Ban Landmines

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12 min.
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Speech by Jody Williams

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10 min.
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Speech by Francesco Calogero, Chairman of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

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11 min.
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Discussion

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6 min.
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Session VII: Rivalry Over Territory and Resources – Promote Economic Integration and Free Trade?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Louise Fawcett, Oxford University, United Kingdom:
Rivalry over Territory and Resources and the Balance of Peace and War: The Twentieth Century

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13 min.
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Nobel Commentator:
Speech by John Hume

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22 min.
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Discussion

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36 min.
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Session VIII: Misperception, Mistrust, Fear – Combat Stereotypes, Strengthen Peaceful Norms?

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Akira Iriye, Harvard University, USA:
Misperception, Mistrust, Fear

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15 min.
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Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Dalai Lama

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24 min.
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Nobel Commentators:
Speech by Arnold Kohen, speaking on behalf of Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo

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6 min.
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Speech by Mary Ellen McNish, General Secretary of the American Friends Service Committee

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7 min.
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Speech by Christian Dominicé, General Secretary, Institute of International Law

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9 min.
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Discussion

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11 min.
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December 8

Session IX: The World and the Nobel Peace Prize in the 21st century – Old and New Dimensions

Scholar:
Speech by Dr. Geir Lundestad, Norwegian Nobel Institute:
The Nobel Peace Prize in its Next Century: Old and New Dimensions

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13 min.
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Statement by Nobel Laureate:
Speech by Oscar Arias Sánchez

See a Video of Oscar Arias Sánchez's Statement
17 min.
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Nobel Commentator:
Speech by José Ramos-Horta

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17 min.
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Discussion

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16 min.
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Closing Speeches:
Speech by Desmond Mpilo Tutu

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20 min.
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Speech by Gunnar Stålsett, Deputy Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee

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14 min.
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Interpreters' note: This is a live recording of members of AIIC, the International Association of Conference Interpreters, interpreting simultaneously at the Nobel Prize Centennial Symposium. It is not intended to be a literal or definitive translation of the proceedings.

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