(1997, NS 102)
September 8-10, 1997
Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Organizers: Professors Kjell Goldmann, Ulf Hannerz and Charles Westin, Stockholm University.
The purpose of the symposium was to gather
internationally leading specialists from different scholarly
disciplines and geographic regions to analyze whether
developments since the end of the Cold War justify revising
established conceptions about nationalism and internationalism.
Participating in the symposium were 28 invited, internationally
leading researchers in such fields as history, philosophy,
sociology, social anthropology, political science, migration
research and mass communication research. The symposium program
comprised six sessions; at each session, two papers were
presented, after which a third symposium participant initiated a
discussion based on these contributions. Without exception, these
discussions turned out to be extremely lively. The sessions were
attended by some 15 younger researchers and doctoral students as
Four main themes can be discerned in the work of the symposium.
One part of the discussion concerned the role of ethnicity and religion in nation-building and nationalism, a major issue in the literature on these topics. Norway's Fredrik Barth discussed Islamic fundamentalism in this perspective. Ali Mazrui, State University of New York at Binghamton, presented observations based on developments in Africa. Liah Greenfeld, Boston University, examined ethnicity and nationalism in relation to democracy.
A second theme was developments in the former Soviet sphere of influence: Jerzy Tomaszewski, University of Warsaw, covered Poland; Katherine Verdery, Johns Hopkins University, analyzed developments in Romania; and Seteney Shami, The Population Council, Cairo discussed the Caucasus and the Middle East.
A third category of symposium contributions had in common that, in different ways, they analyzed the problems of multinational coexistence. Arjun Appadurai, University of Chicago, especially emphasized the emotional power of national identities and raised the possibility of replacing them with complex, mutually overlapping identities. Kalevi Holsti, University of British Columbia, reported empirical findings that support the thesis that different national communities ordinarily live together peacefully as part of the same state; we have tended to exaggerate the role of exceptions from this rule, he maintained. Joseph H. H. Weiler, Harvard University, discussed the relationship between national and supranational by analyzing the European citizenship introduced by the Maastricht Treaty.
Finally, several presentations dealt with
the conditions for internationalism in a world of nationalisms,
as one contributor, Stanley Hoffmann of Harvard University,
expressed it. Hoffmann sketched a new world order within the
framework of what he regarded as practical politics. Reiner
Bauböck, European Center for Social Welfare, Vienna,
contributed a discussion of the principles behind arguments for
secessionism and federalism, respectively. Yael Tamir, Tel Aviv
University, critically examined the arguments in favor of the
generally accepted thesis that a world government is neither
possible nor desirable.
The symposium contributions have been revised for publication in a book which appeared in 1998.
|Saturday - 6 September||Arrival in Stockholm|
|Monday - 8 September||Juristernas Hus - Reinholdssalen|
|09.30 a.m.||Chair: Kjell Goldmann|
|Arjun Appadurai - The Grounds of the Nation-State: Soil, Identity, Sovereignty|
Shami - Loyalty, Politics and Identity: Minorities and
Majorities in the Context of Shifting Geographies
Discussant: John Breuilly
|13.30 a.m.||Fredrik Barth - Are Islamists Nationalists or Internationalists? or On the Wellspring of Fundamentalism|
|Ali Mazrui - Subnational Ethnicity, Subnational Religion and Vice Versa: The Contradictions of Africa's Primordial Experience|
|Discussant: Stanley Tambiah|
|Tuesday- 9 September|
|09.30 a.m.||Chair: Charles Westin|
|Katherine Verdery - Nationalism, Internationalism, and Property in the Post-Cold War Era|
Tomaszewski - From Internationalism to nationalism?
Discussant: Louk Hagendoorn
|14.00 p.m.||Kalevi Holsti - From Khartoum to Quebec: The Rise and Decline of the Multicultural State|
Weiler - Belonging in Europe: Eros and Civilization
Discussant: Robert Keohane
|Wednesday - 10 September|
|09.30 a.m.||Chair: Ulf Hannerz|
- Beyond Nationalism : A Pluralist Approach
Liah Greenfeld - Democracy, Ethnic Diversity, and Nationalism
Discussant: Robert Goodin
|14.00 a.m.||Yael Tamir - Who is
Afraid of a Global State? Stanley Hoffmann - Nationalism and
Discussant: Barry Buzan
Summary and closing of the Symposium by Ulf Hannerz.