The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1930
Born: 27 July 1881, Hoechst, Germany
Died: 31 March 1945, Munich, Germany
Affiliation at the time of the award: Technische Hochschule (Institute of Technology), Munich, Germany
Prize motivation: "for his researches into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of haemin"
Field: Organic chemistry, natural products chemistry
Hans Fischer was born in July 27,
1881 at Hoechst, on the river Main, in Germany. His father was
Dr. Eugen Fischer, Director of the firm of Kalle & Co,
Wiesbaden, and Privatdozent at the Technical High School,
Stuttgart; his mother was Anna Herdegen. He went to a primary
school in Stuttgart, and later to the "humanistische Gymnasium"
(grammar school with emphasis on the classics) in Wiesbaden,
matriculating in 1899. He read chemistry and medicine
simultaneously, first at the University of Lausanne and then at Marburg. He obtained his
chemistry degree under T. Zincke at Marburg in 1904; two years
later, in 1906, a licence for medicine was conferred on him at
Munich. In 1908 he qualified for his M.D. under F. von
Müller, also at Munich.
Fischer spent his first working years at the Second Medical Clinic in Munich and at the First Berlin Chemical Institute under Emil Fischer. He returned to Munich in 1911 and qualified as lecturer on internal medicine one year later. In 1913 he was appointed E.F. Weinland's successor at the Physiological Institute (O. Frank) in Munich, where he became a lecturer on physiology. In 1916 Fischer followed the invitation of the University of Innsbruck to succeed Windaus as Professor of Medical Chemistry; from there he went to the University of Vienna in 1918.
From April 1, 1921 until his death he held the position of Professor of Organic Chemistry at the Technische Hochschule (Technical University) in Munich, as successor to Wieland.
Fischer's scientific work was mostly concerned with the investigation of the constitutive properties of the pigments in blood, bile, and also leaves, as well as with the chemistry of pyrrole. The main reason for the latter investigation was the synthesis of these natural pyrrole pigments. Of special importance was his synthesis of bilirubin. His numerous papers were mostly published in Liebigs Annalen der Chemie and Hoppe-Seylers Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie.
In recognition of his work in these fields, the title of a "Geheimer Regierungsrat" (Privy Councillor) was conferred upon Hans Fischer in 1925; in 1929 he was awarded the Liebig Memorial Medal; Harvard University bestowed the title of honorary doctor on him in 1936; he received the Davy Medal in 1937. Fischer received the greatest honour of all, the Nobel Prize for 1930, for his work on the chemistry of pyrrole and the synthesis of haemin. In 1935, Professor Fischer married Wiltrud Haufe.
He died on March 31, 1945 in Munich.
From Nobel Lectures, Chemistry 1922-1941, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1966
This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.
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