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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1974
Paul J. Flory

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Paul J. Flory - Facts

Paul J. Flory

Paul J. Flory

Born: 19 June 1910, Sterling, IL, USA

Died: 8 September 1985, Big Sur, CA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

Prize motivation: "for his fundamental achievements, both theoretical and experimental, in the physical chemistry of the macromolecules"

Field: polymer chemistry

Prize share: 1/1

Work

Plastic material is composed of polymers - very large molecules that take the form of long chains of smaller molecules. In the mid-1930s Paul Flory found that a polymer dissolved in a solvent becomes somewhat outstretched because of forces between the polymer's and the solvent's parts. When the temperature is lowered, the polymer contracts. Paul Flory established a temperature at which the forces balance one another. The polymer's length is then similar to its length in an undissolved state. He also defined a constant that summarizes the polymer solution's properties.

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