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1959 Ochoa and Kornberg awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the biological synthesis of RNA and DNA.

1962 Crick, Watson and Wilkins awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovery of the double helix.

1965 Jacob, Lwoff and Monod awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis.

1968 Khorana, Nirenberg and Holley awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the genetic code.

1982 Klug awarded
the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for crystallographic electron microscopy of nucleic acid-protein complexes.

1993 Roberts and Sharp awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for split genes.

Contents:
| Introduction: The DNA-reader in our cells | Yeast and human beings | Taking pictures of molecules | The future | Timeline | Further reading | Credits |

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