The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1996
James A. Mirrlees, William Vickrey
Born: 21 June 1914, Victoria, BC, Canada
Died: 11 October 1996, Harrison, NY, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Prize motivation: "for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"
Field: Economics of information
Contribution: Developed methods of analyzing the problems of incomplete, or asymmetrical, information. Specialized in work in optimal taxation.
William S. Vickrey was born in
Victoria, British Columbia, in 1914. His elementary and secondary
education were in Europe and the United States, with graduation
Andover Academy in 1931. He received a B.S. in mathematics
from Yale in
1935, followed by graduate work in economics at Columbia
University from 1935 to 1937, when he received the M.A.
degree. He then worked for the National Resources Planning Board in Washington and
the Division of Tax Research in the U.S. Treasury
A conscientious objector during World War II, he spent part of his alternate service designing a new inheritance tax for Puerto Rico. Columbia University awarded him the Ph.D. in economics in 1948. His doctoral dissertation, Agenda for Progressive Taxation, was reprinted as an "economic classic" in 1972.
In 1946 he began his teaching career at Columbia University as a lecturer in economics. He became a full professor in 1958 and was named McVickar Professor of Political Economy in 1971. He was chairman of the Department of Economics from 1964 to 1967 and retired as McVickar Professor Emeritus in 1982.
A long career of research covered a large range of subjects. The first of many involving efficient pricing of public utilities done in 1939 and 1940 for the Twentieth Century Fund dealt with electric power. In 1951, he studied transit fares in New York City for The Mayor's Committee on Management Survey. He was a member of the 1950 Shoup mission that developed a comprehensive program for revising the tax system of Japan. He lectured widely and served as a consultant in the United States and overseas and to the United Nations.
He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences and in 1992 served as president of the American Economic Association. He was a Fellow of the Econometric Society and received an honorary degree from the University of Chicago in 1979.
He was a founding member of Taxation, Resources, and Economic Development and was a member of many professional and civic organizations and an active supporter of organizations promoting world peace. He belonged to The Religious Society of Friends.
A 1994 volume, Public Economics Cambridge University Press, contains a complete bibliography; it lists eight books, 139 articles, 27 reviews, and 61 unpublished articles and notes.
He was married to Cecile Thompson in 1951. They lived in Hastings-on-Hudson in New York. He died in October 1996.
From Les Prix Nobel. The Nobel Prizes 1996, Editor Tore Frängsmyr, [Nobel Foundation], Stockholm, 1997
This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and later published in the book series Les Prix Nobel/Nobel Lectures. The information is sometimes updated with an addendum submitted by the Laureate.
William Vickrey died on October 11, 1996.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1996
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