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Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

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Leymah Gbowee, Linda B. Buck, Aung San Suu Kyi, Carol W. Greider and Toni Morrison

Nobel Prize Awarded Women

The Nobel Prize and Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded to women 45 times between 1901 and 2013. Only one woman, Marie Curie, has been honoured twice, with the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics and the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. This means that 44 women in total have been awarded the Nobel Prize between 1901 and 2013.

The Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963

Maria Goeppert Mayer

"for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903

Marie Curie, née Sklodowska

"in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel"

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009

Ada E. Yonath

"for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1964

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

"for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances"

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935

Irène Joliot-Curie

"in recognition of their synthesis of new radioactive elements"

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911

Marie Curie, née Sklodowska

"in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009

Elizabeth H. Blackburn

"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009

Carol W. Greider

"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2008

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

"for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2004

Linda B. Buck

"for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1995

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard

"for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988

Gertrude B. Elion

"for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1986

Rita Levi-Montalcini

"for their discoveries of growth factors"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1983

Barbara McClintock

"for her discovery of mobile genetic elements"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1977

Rosalyn Yalow

"for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1947

Gerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz

"for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"

The Nobel Prize in Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2013

Alice Munro

"master of the contemporary short story"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2009

Herta Müller

"who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2007

Doris Lessing

"that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2004

Elfriede Jelinek

"for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1996

Wislawa Szymborska

"for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1993

Toni Morrison

"who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1991

Nadine Gordimer

"who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1966

Nelly Sachs

"for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1945

Gabriela Mistral

"for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1938

Pearl Buck

"for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1928

Sigrid Undset

"principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1926

Grazia Deledda

"for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1909

Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf

"in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"

The Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize 2011

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

"for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"

The Nobel Peace Prize 2011

Leymah Gbowee

"for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"

The Nobel Peace Prize 2011

Tawakkol Karman

"for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"

The Nobel Peace Prize 2004

Wangari Muta Maathai

"for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"

The Nobel Peace Prize 2003

Shirin Ebadi

"for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children"

The Nobel Peace Prize 1997

Jody Williams

"for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"

The Nobel Peace Prize 1992

Rigoberta Menchú Tum

"in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"

The Nobel Peace Prize 1991

Aung San Suu Kyi

"for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"

The Nobel Peace Prize 1982

Alva Myrdal

The Nobel Peace Prize 1979

Mother Teresa

The Nobel Peace Prize 1976

Betty Williams

The Nobel Peace Prize 1976

Mairead Corrigan

The Nobel Peace Prize 1946

Emily Greene Balch

The Nobel Peace Prize 1931

Jane Addams

The Nobel Peace Prize 1905

Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner, née Countess Kinsky von Chinic und Tettau

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2009

Elinor Ostrom

"for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"

 

Nobel Prize Awarded Women 1901-2012

43 photos

  • Elizabeth Blackburn, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 2009, in her lab at the University of California, San Francisco.
    Copyright © University of California, San Francisco 2009
    Photo: Elisabeth Fall/fallfoto.com
  • Leymah Gbowee, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 2011, is embraced by guests at a party at her family home in Monrovia, Liberia, to celebrate her Nobel Peace Prize.
    Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2011
    Photo: Glenna Gordon
  • Jane Addams, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1931, at her desk, 30 October 1912.
    Source: Library of Congress, USA
    Photographer unknown. No known copyright restrictions.
  • Emily Greene Balch, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1946.
    Source: Library of Congress, USA
    Photographer unknown. No known copyright restrictions.
  • Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 2008.
    Copyright © Institut Pasteur 2008
  • Linda Buck, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 2004.
    Copyright © Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center 2011
    Photo: Roland Morgan
  • Pearl Buck, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1938. Photo taken ca 1932.
    Source: Library of Congress, USA
    Photographer unknown. No known copyright restrictions.
  • Gerty Cori, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1947, and her husband Carl in their laboratory at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri, 1947.
    Source: U.S National Library of Medicine, Images from the History of Medicine Collection. Photographer unknown.
  • Mairead Corrigan, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1976.
    Copyright © The Nobel Foundation
  • Tawakkol Karman, 2011 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate.
    Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2011
    Photo: Donnelly Marks
  • Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1964.
    Copyright © The Nobel Foundation
  • Gertrude B. Elion, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1988, in the laboratory.
    Source: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images. Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons by-nc 2.0 UK
  • Marie Curie, Nobel Laureate in Physics 1903 and in Chemistry 1911, in her laboratory at the Radium Institute in Paris, France, 1921.
    Copyright © Association Curie Joliot-Curie
    Photographer unknown
  • Grazia Deledda, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1926.
    Source: Institute of Czech Literature
    Photographer unknown.
  • Shirin Ebadi, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 2003, waves to some 4,000 flag-waving children greeting her outside Oslo City Hall, Norway, before the Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony on 10 December 2003.
    Copyright © Pressens Bild AB 2003, SE-112 88 Stockholm,
    Sweden, tel. +46-8-738 38 00. Photo: Odd Andersen
  • Nadine Gordimer, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1991, at the Göteborg Book Fair in Gothenberg, Sweden, 2010.
    Photo: Lärarnas Nyheter, Flickr
  • Carol W. Greider, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 2009, in her laboratory.
    Copyright © JHU Gazette 2009
    Photo: Will Kirk
  • Elfriede Jelinek, Nobel Laureate in Literature 2004. Photographed in Munich, September 2001.
    Photo: G. Huengsberg
    Wikimedia Commons, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
  • Irène Joliot-Curie, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1935, and her husband Frédéric Joliot at the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony in the Golden Hall of Stockholm City Hall, 10 December 1935.
    Copyright © Association Curie Joliot-Curie
    Photographer unknown
  • Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President and 2011 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, in front of her old high school in Monrovia, Liberia.
    Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2011
    Photo: Glenna Gordon
  • Selma Lagerlöf, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1909, in her garden.
    Photo: Courtesy of Mårbackastiftelsen
    Photographer unknown
  • Rita Levi-Montalcini, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1986, in her laboratory in the early 1960s.
    Copyright © Becker Medical Library, Washington University School of Medicine. Photographer unknown
  • Wangari Maathai, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 2004.
    Copyright © Scanpix
    Photo: Simon Maina
  • Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Nobel Laureate in Physics 1963, being escorted to the Nobel Banquet by King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, 10 December 1963.
    Source: Smithsonian Institution Archives
    Photographer unknown
  • Doris Lessing, Nobel Laureate in Literature 2007, being interviewed at her home in London, 14 April 2008.
    Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2008
  • Barbara McClintock, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1983, in her lab at Cold Spring Harbor, April 1963.
    Source: National Institutes of Health. Courtesy: The Barbara McClintock Papers, American Philosophical Society
  • Gabriela Mistral, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1945.
    Source: National Photo Company Collection, Library of Congress, USA. Photographer unknown. No known copyright restrictions.
  • Toni Morrison, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1993, speaking at "A Tribute to Chinua Achebe - 50 Years Anniversary of 'Things Fall Apart'", New York City, 26 February 2008.
    Photo: Angela Radulescu,
    Wikimedia Commons, Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike
  • Herta Müller, Nobel Laureate in Literature 2009, after delivering her Nobel Lecture at the Swedish Academy, 7 December 2009. On her right is Professor Peter Englund, the Swedish Academy.
    Copyright © The Swedish Academy 2009
    Photo: Helena Paulin-Strömberg
  • Alva Myrdal, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1982, with German President Gustav Heinemann in Frankfurt, 27 September 1970.
    Source: German Federal Archive
    Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
  • Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1995. Photo taken 20 June 2007.
    Photo: Rama.
    Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
  • Elinor Ostrom (middle), Laureate in Economic Sciences 2009, analyses data at a workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, November 1977.
    Photo: Courtesy of Indiana University
  • Nelly Sachs, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1966.
    Copyright © The Nobel Foundation
  • Bertha von Suttner, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1905.
    Source: Library of Congress, USA. Photographer unknown.
    No known copyright restrictions.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1991.
    Photo: Htoo Tay Zar, OpenMyanmar project
    Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
  • Wislawa Szymborska, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1996.
    Copyright © The Nobel Foundation
  • Mother Teresa, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1979, during a visit to Bonn, Germany, in 1986.
    Photo: Wikimedia-Commons User Túrelio, Creative Commons
  • Rigoberta Menchú Tum, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1992, visiting the Nobel Peace Center, September 2006.
    Copyright © Nobel Peace Center 2006
    Photo: Kirsti Svenning
  • Sigrid Undset, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1928. Photo taken 27 March 1927.
    Source: Carl Van Vechten photograph collection, Library of Congress, USA. Photographer unknown.
  • Betty Williams, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1976.
    Copyright © The Nobel Foundation
  • Jody Williams, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1997, on a tour around the Nobel Peace Center, June 2005.
    Copyright © Nobel Peace Center 2005
    Photo: Erlend Aas
  • Rosalyn Yalow, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1977.
    Copyright © The Nobel Foundation
  • Ada Yonath, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 2009, in conversation with His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden at the Nobel Banquet, 10 December 2009.
    Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 2009
    Photo: Orasisfoto

Elizabeth Blackburn, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 2009, in her lab at the University of California, San Francisco.
Copyright © University of California, San Francisco 2009
Photo: Elisabeth Fall/fallfoto.com

Leymah Gbowee, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 2011, is embraced by guests at a party at her family home in Monrovia, Liberia, to celebrate her Nobel Peace Prize.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2011
Photo: Glenna Gordon

Jane Addams, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1931, at her desk, 30 October 1912.
Source: Library of Congress, USA
Photographer unknown. No known copyright restrictions.

Emily Greene Balch, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1946.
Source: Library of Congress, USA
Photographer unknown. No known copyright restrictions.

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 2008.
Copyright © Institut Pasteur 2008

Linda Buck, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 2004.
Copyright © Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center 2011
Photo: Roland Morgan

Pearl Buck, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1938. Photo taken ca 1932.
Source: Library of Congress, USA
Photographer unknown. No known copyright restrictions.

Gerty Cori, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1947, and her husband Carl in their laboratory at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri, 1947.
Source: U.S National Library of Medicine, Images from the History of Medicine Collection. Photographer unknown.

Mairead Corrigan, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1976.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation

Tawakkol Karman, 2011 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2011
Photo: Donnelly Marks

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1964.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation

Gertrude B. Elion, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1988, in the laboratory.
Source: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images. Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons by-nc 2.0 UK

Marie Curie, Nobel Laureate in Physics 1903 and in Chemistry 1911, in her laboratory at the Radium Institute in Paris, France, 1921.
Copyright © Association Curie Joliot-Curie
Photographer unknown

Grazia Deledda, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1926.
Source: Institute of Czech Literature
Photographer unknown.

Shirin Ebadi, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 2003, waves to some 4,000 flag-waving children greeting her outside Oslo City Hall, Norway, before the Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony on 10 December 2003.
Copyright © Pressens Bild AB 2003, SE-112 88 Stockholm,
Sweden, tel. +46-8-738 38 00. Photo: Odd Andersen

Nadine Gordimer, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1991, at the Göteborg Book Fair in Gothenberg, Sweden, 2010.
Photo: Lärarnas Nyheter, Flickr

Carol W. Greider, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 2009, in her laboratory.
Copyright © JHU Gazette 2009
Photo: Will Kirk

Elfriede Jelinek, Nobel Laureate in Literature 2004. Photographed in Munich, September 2001.
Photo: G. Huengsberg
Wikimedia Commons, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike

Irène Joliot-Curie, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1935, and her husband Frédéric Joliot at the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony in the Golden Hall of Stockholm City Hall, 10 December 1935.
Copyright © Association Curie Joliot-Curie
Photographer unknown

Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President and 2011 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, in front of her old high school in Monrovia, Liberia.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2011
Photo: Glenna Gordon

Selma Lagerlöf, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1909, in her garden.
Photo: Courtesy of Mårbackastiftelsen
Photographer unknown

Rita Levi-Montalcini, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1986, in her laboratory in the early 1960s.
Copyright © Becker Medical Library, Washington University School of Medicine. Photographer unknown

Wangari Maathai, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 2004.
Copyright © Scanpix
Photo: Simon Maina

Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Nobel Laureate in Physics 1963, being escorted to the Nobel Banquet by King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, 10 December 1963.
Source: Smithsonian Institution Archives
Photographer unknown

Doris Lessing, Nobel Laureate in Literature 2007, being interviewed at her home in London, 14 April 2008.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2008

Barbara McClintock, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1983, in her lab at Cold Spring Harbor, April 1963.
Source: National Institutes of Health. Courtesy: The Barbara McClintock Papers, American Philosophical Society

Gabriela Mistral, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1945.
Source: National Photo Company Collection, Library of Congress, USA. Photographer unknown. No known copyright restrictions.

Toni Morrison, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1993, speaking at "A Tribute to Chinua Achebe - 50 Years Anniversary of 'Things Fall Apart'", New York City, 26 February 2008.
Photo: Angela Radulescu,
Wikimedia Commons, Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike

Herta Müller, Nobel Laureate in Literature 2009, after delivering her Nobel Lecture at the Swedish Academy, 7 December 2009. On her right is Professor Peter Englund, the Swedish Academy.
Copyright © The Swedish Academy 2009
Photo: Helena Paulin-Strömberg

Alva Myrdal, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1982, with German President Gustav Heinemann in Frankfurt, 27 September 1970.
Source: German Federal Archive
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1995. Photo taken 20 June 2007.
Photo: Rama.
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike

Elinor Ostrom (middle), Laureate in Economic Sciences 2009, analyses data at a workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, November 1977.
Photo: Courtesy of Indiana University

Nelly Sachs, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1966.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation

Bertha von Suttner, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1905.
Source: Library of Congress, USA. Photographer unknown.
No known copyright restrictions.

Aung San Suu Kyi, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1991.
Photo: Htoo Tay Zar, OpenMyanmar project
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

Wislawa Szymborska, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1996.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation

Mother Teresa, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1979, during a visit to Bonn, Germany, in 1986.
Photo: Wikimedia-Commons User Túrelio, Creative Commons

Rigoberta Menchú Tum, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1992, visiting the Nobel Peace Center, September 2006.
Copyright © Nobel Peace Center 2006
Photo: Kirsti Svenning

Sigrid Undset, Nobel Laureate in Literature 1928. Photo taken 27 March 1927.
Source: Carl Van Vechten photograph collection, Library of Congress, USA. Photographer unknown.

Betty Williams, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1976.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation

Jody Williams, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1997, on a tour around the Nobel Peace Center, June 2005.
Copyright © Nobel Peace Center 2005
Photo: Erlend Aas

Rosalyn Yalow, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1977.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation

Ada Yonath, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 2009, in conversation with His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden at the Nobel Banquet, 10 December 2009.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 2009
Photo: Orasisfoto

 

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MLA style: "Nobel Prize Awarded Women". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 18 Apr 2014. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/lists/women.html>

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