"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources"
"for the development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules"
"for his development of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution"
"for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"
"for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"
"for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty"
"for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms"