"for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter"
"for the design and synthesis of molecular machines"
"for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy"
"for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition"
"for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end"
"for their contributions to contract theory"
On 27 November 1895 Alfred Nobel signed his last will in Paris.
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