Literature Laureate
Collage of Literature Laureates

Patrick Modiano. Photo: Catherine Hélie, Courtesy Ed. Gallimard Photo: C. Hélie, Courtesy Ed. Gallimard

2014 Nobel Prize in Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2014 was awarded to Patrick Modiano "for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation".

Press release
Bio-bibliographical notes

The Nobel Prize Medal for Literature. Registered trademark of the Nobel Foundation. © ® The Nobel Foundation

The Nobel Prize in Literature

Awarded to 111 Nobel Laureates since 1901

"The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- - -/ one part to the person who shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction ..."

(Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel)

Alfred Nobel had broad cultural interests. During his early youth, he developed his literary interests which lasted throughout his life. His library consisted of a rich and broad selection of literature in different languages. During the last years of his life, he tried his hand as an author and began writing fiction. Literature was the fourth prize area Nobel mentioned in his will.

The Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded by the Swedish Academy, Stockholm, Sweden.

Peter Englund, permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy, announces the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2012, Mo Yan. Photo: Frankie Fouganthin. Wikimedia Commons,  Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Peter Englund. Photo: Frankie Fouganthin. Wikimedia Commons

How Do You Find Authors Worthy a Literature Prize?

Peter Englund, Permanent Secretary of the Swedish Academy, answers frequently asked questions about the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Read Peter Englund's answers

Did You Know?


Nobel Prizes in Literature have been awarded 1901-2014.


women have been awarded the Literature Prize so far.


Literature Prizes have been divided between two persons.


years was the age of the youngest Literature Laureate ever, Rudyard Kipling, best known for The Jungle Book.


years was the age of the oldest Literature Laureate ever, Doris Lessing, when she was awarded the Prize in 2007.


is the average age of the Nobel Laureates in Literature the year they were awarded the prize.

All facts and figures on the Nobel Prize in Literature


"The Most Outstanding Work"

Alfred Nobel's prescriptions for the Literature Prize were quite vague. In fact, the history of the Literature Prize appears as a series of attempts to interpret an imprecisely worded will.

More about Alfred Nobel's Will and the Literature Prize

Have You Read William Golding's Lord of the Flies?

Lord of the Flies Game

Lord of the Flies Game

The aim of this game is to introduce some basic analytical aspects of the book and to challenge the reader's memory through play.

Play the Lord of the Flies Game!

Recommend a Book!

Hav you read anything by William Golding or by another author awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature?

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"Still Relevant and Powerful Today - Simply Genius"

Discover our visitors' thoughts about Lord of the Flies and many other books.

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