The Nobel Prize in Literature 1988
Born: 11 December 1911, Cairo, Egypt
Died: 30 August 2006, Cairo, Egypt
Residence at the time of the award: Egypt
Prize motivation: "who, through works rich in nuance - now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous - has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind"
Born in Cairo in 1911, Naguib
Mahfouz began writing when he was seventeen. His first novel
was published in 1939 and ten more were written before the
Egyptian Revolution of July 1952, when he stopped writing for
several years. One novel was republished in 1953, however, and
the appearance of the Cairo Triology, Bayn al Qasrayn, Qasr al
Shawq, Sukkariya (Between-the-Palaces, Palace of Longing,
Sugarhouse) in 1957 made him famous throughout the Arab world
as a depictor of traditional urban life. With The Children of
Gebelawi (1959), he began writing again, in a new vein that
frequently concealed political judgements under allegory and
symbolism. Works of this second period include the novels, The
Thief and the Dogs (1961), Autumn Quail (1962),
Small Talk on the Nile (1966), and Miramar (1967),
as well as several collections of short stories.
Until 1972, Mahfouz was employed as a civil servant, first in the Ministry of Mortmain Endowments, then as Director of Censorship in the Bureau of Art, as Director of the Foundation for the Support of the Cinema, and, finally, as consultant on Cultural Affairs to the Ministry of Culture. The years since his retirement from the Egyptian bureaucracy have seen an outburst of further creativity, much of it experimental. He is now the author of no fewer than thirty novels, more than a hundred short stories, and more than two hundred articles. Half of his novels have been made into films which have circulated throughout the Arabic-speaking world. In Egypt, each new publication is regarded as a major cultural event and his name is inevitably among the first mentioned in any literary discussion from Gibraltar to the Gulf.
From Les Prix Nobel. The Nobel Prizes 1988, Editor Tore Frängsmyr, [Nobel Foundation], Stockholm, 1989
This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and later published in the book series Les Prix Nobel/Nobel Lectures. The information is sometimes updated with an addendum submitted by the Laureate.
Naguib Mahfouz died on August 30, 2006.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1988
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