Medicine Laureates
Nobel Laureates

See all Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine and why they were awarded the Nobel Prize.

All Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine


Awards: 105 Prizes to 207 Laureates
Prizes to one Laureate only: 38
Awarded women: 11
Averge age of a Medicine Laureate: 58

More facts about the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
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The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Awarded to 207 Nobel Laureates since 1901

"The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- - -/ one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine ..."

(Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel)

Alfred Nobel had an active interest in medical research. Through Karolinska Institutet, he came into contact with Swedish physiologist Jöns Johansson around 1890. Johansson worked in Nobel's laboratory in Sevran, France during a brief period the same year. Physiology or medicine was the third prize area Nobel mentioned in his will.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

2014 Medicine Prize

Grid cells. Ill. Mattias Karlen/The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet

A Positioning System, an "Inner GPS"

The 2014 Medicine Prize was awarded to John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser.

More about the Medicine Prize
John O'Keefe

"The cognitive map is how we know where we are"

John O'Keefe describes his Nobel Prize awarded work in easy-to-understand terms.

Watch the interview clip

May-Britt Moser

"In love with science"

In this conversation May-Britt Moser talks about the pure joy of exploring the connection between behaviour and the brain.

Edvard I. Moser lecturing

"Even on work that hasn't even been done"

In his Nobel Lecture, Edvard I. Moser described his research, and revealed news from his work today.

Watch the lecture

Learn How to Blood Type!

The Blood Typing Game

Play and Learn about the Human Blood Types

A blood transfusion involves taking blood from one person (a donor) and giving it to another to replace blood lost in major accidents, or during life-saving operations, for instance. Check out if you can perform a safe blood transfusion yourself!

Play the Blood Typing Game
Karl Landsteiner

The ABO Blood Groups

Human blood groups were discovered in 1901 by Karl Landsteiner, later awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

More on Karl Landsteiner
Blood donator

Did You Know?

Two most common reasons why people don't give blood are:

"Never thought about it."


"I don't like needles."