Interview with Professor Juleen Zierath, Chairman of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine, immediatly after the announcement of the 2013 Medicine Prize.Watch the interview
“The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- - -/ one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine ...”
(Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel)
Alfred Nobel had an active interest in medical research. Through Karolinska Institutet, he came into contact with Swedish physiologist Jöns Johansson around 1890. Johansson worked in Nobel’s laboratory in Sevran, France during a brief period the same year. Physiology or medicine was the third prize area Nobel mentioned in his will.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013 was awarded jointly to James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof "for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells".More about the 2013 Medicine Prize
Listen to James E. Rothman's reactions to the 2013 Medicine Prize.Listen to James E. Rothman (6:45)
Randy W. Schekman's immediate reactions to news of the 2013 Medicine Prize.Interview with Randy W. Schekman (5:07)
persons have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine between 1901 and 2012.
Medicine Prizes have been given to one Laureate only.
women have been awarded the Medicine Prize so far.
years was the age of the youngest Medicine Laureate ever, Frederick G. Banting, who was awarded the 1923 Medicine Prize for the discovery of insulin.
years was the age of the oldest Medicine Laureate ever, Peyton Rous, when he was awarded the Medicine Prize in 1966.
is the average age of the Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine the year they were awarded the prize.
Göran K. Hansson, Secretary of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine, answers frequently asked questions about the Medicine PrizeAll Questions and Answers
A blood transfusion involves taking blood from one person (a donor) and giving it to another to replace blood lost in major accidents, or during life-saving operations, for instance. Check out if you can perform a safe blood transfusion yourself!Play the Blood Typing Game
MEDICINE PRIZE 1930 Human blood groups were discovered in 1901 by Karl Landsteiner.More on Karl Landsteiner
Two most common reasons cited by people who don't give blood are: