Awards: 104 Prizes to 204 Laureates
Prizes to one Laureate only: 38
Awarded women: 10
Average age of a Medicine Laureate: 58
Age of youngest Medicine Laureate: 32
Age of oldest Medicine Laureate: 87
More facts on the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
“The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- - -/ one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine ...”
(Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel)
Alfred Nobel had an active interest in medical research. Through Karolinska Institutet, he came into contact with Swedish physiologist Jöns Johansson around 1890. Johansson worked in Nobel’s laboratory in Sevran, France during a brief period the same year. Physiology or medicine was the third prize area Nobel mentioned in his will.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
For James Rothman, science is a very emotional and social thing.Listen to James E. Rothman
A blood transfusion involves taking blood from one person (a donor) and giving it to another to replace blood lost in major accidents, or during life-saving operations, for instance. Check out if you can perform a safe blood transfusion yourself!Play the Blood Typing Game
Human blood groups were discovered in 1901 by Karl Landsteiner, later awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.More on Karl Landsteiner
Two most common reasons why people don't give blood are: