Nobelprize.org
Medicine Laureates
Nobel Laureates

2016 Medicine Prize will be announced in:

38 days

Monday 3 October, 11:30 a.m.


Facts

Awards: 106 Prizes to 210 Laureates
Prizes to one Laureate only: 38
Awarded women: 12

More facts about the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
The Nobel Medal for Physiology or Medicine. Registered trademark of the Nobel Foundation. © ® The Nobel Foundation

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Awarded to 210 Nobel Laureates since 1901


"The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- - -/ one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine ..."

(Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel)

Alfred Nobel had an active interest in medical research. Through Karolinska Institutet, he came into contact with Swedish physiologist Jöns Johansson around 1890. Johansson worked in Nobel's laboratory in Sevran, France during a brief period the same year. Physiology or medicine was the third prize area Nobel mentioned in his will.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


2015 Medicine Prize

2015 Medicine Laureates

2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015 was awarded with one half jointly to William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites and the other half to Youyou Tu for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria.

Read more
William C. Campbell. Photo: A. Mahmoud.

William C. Campbell: "You must be kidding!"

Listen to an interview with William C. Campbell, one of the three new Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine. He was asleep when he got the prize call.

Interview and transcript
Satoshi Ōmura. Photo: A. Mahmoud.

Satoshi Ōmura: "I humbly accept it"

An interview with Satoshi Ōmura on golf, great scientists, and being awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Interview and transcript
Youyou Tu. Photo: A. Mahmoud.

Youyou Tu: "Good news for the national holiday!"

Listen to a short interview with Youyou Tu following the announcement of the 2015 Medicine Prize (Chinese and English).

Interview and transcript
Nerve cell

The Medicine Prize 1901-2000

In his will, Alfred Nobel stipulated that one part of his fortune should be awarded "the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine".

More about the history of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Did You Know?

106

Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine have been awarded between 1901 and 2015.

38

Medicine Prizes have been given to one Laureate only.

12

women have been awarded the Medicine Prize so far.

32

years was the age of the youngest Medicine Laureate ever, Frederick G. Banting, who was awarded the 1923 Medicine Prize for the discovery of insulin.

87

years was the age of the oldest Medicine Laureate ever, Peyton Rous, when he was awarded the Medicine Prize in 1966 for his discovery of tumour-inducing viruses.

58

is the average age of the Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine the year they were awarded the prize.

All facts and figures about the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine


Göran K. Hansso Göran K. Hansson

Which research area has been awarded most often? Why?

Göran K. Hansson, former Secretary of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine, answers frequently asked questions about the Medicine Prize

15 questions about the Medicine Prize

2014 Medicine Prize

Grid cells. Ill. Mattias Karlen/The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet

A Positioning System, an "Inner GPS"

The 2014 Medicine Prize was awarded to John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser.

More about the Medicine Prize
John O'Keefe

"The cognitive map is how we know where we are"

John O'Keefe describes his Nobel Prize awarded work in easy-to-understand terms.

Watch the interview clip


May-Britt Moser

"In love with science"

In this conversation May-Britt Moser talks about the pure joy of exploring the connection between behaviour and the brain.


Edvard I. Moser lecturing

"Even on work that hasn't even been done"

In his Nobel Lecture, Edvard I. Moser described his research, and revealed news from his work today.

Watch the lecture


Learn How to Blood Type!

The Blood Typing Game

Play and Learn about the Human Blood Types

A blood transfusion involves taking blood from one person (a donor) and giving it to another to replace blood lost in major accidents, or during life-saving operations, for instance. Check out if you can perform a safe blood transfusion yourself!

Play the Blood Typing Game
Karl Landsteiner

The ABO Blood Groups

Human blood groups were discovered in 1901 by Karl Landsteiner, later awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

More on Karl Landsteiner
Blood donator

Did You Know?

Two most common reasons why people don't give blood are:

"Never thought about it."

and

"I don't like needles."

(Source: www.redcrossblood.org)