The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska
Institutet has awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine for 2006 jointly to Andrew Fire and Craig Mello for their discovery of RNA interference – gene silencing by double-stranded RNA.
RNA interference is a fundamental mechanism for controlling the flow of genetic information in cells.
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.
University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worchester, Massachusetts, USA.