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Nobel Laureates

See all Nobel Laureates in Physics and why they were awarded the Nobel Prize.

All Nobel Laureates in Physics


Awards: 108 Prizes to 199 Laureates
Prizes to one Laureate only: 47
Awarded women: 2
Average age of a Physics Laureate: 55

More facts on the Nobel Prize in Physics
The Nobel Medal for Physics and Chemistry. Registered trademark of the Nobel Foundation. © ® The Nobel Foundation

The Nobel Prize in Physics

Awarded to 199 Nobel Laureates since 1901

"The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- - -/ one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics ..."

(Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel)

Physics was the prize area which Alfred Nobel mentioned first in his will. At the end of the nineteenth century, many people considered physics as the foremost of the sciences, and perhaps Nobel saw it this way as well. His own research was also closely tied to physics.

The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.

2014 Physics Prize

The heart of the LED. Ill: J. Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Filling the World with New Light

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 was awarded jointly to Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura.

More about the Physics Prize
Isamu Akasaki's Nobel Diploma

A Work of Art in Miniature

The prize awarders decide the design of the Nobel Diplomas. Each diploma is a unique work of art.

Have a look at Isamu Akasaki's diploma

Hiroshi Amano

"When I was a child, I could not understand why I should study"

In this interview, Hiroshi Amano explains what brought him to science.

Watch the interview clip

Shuji Nakamura lecturing

"I had no confidence in inventing the blue LED, I just wanted my PhD"

In his Nobel Lecture, Shuji Nakamura gave the background story of his invention.

Watch the lecture

Transistors - Fundamental in Electronic Devices

The Transistor Recycler Game

Play and Learn!

A transistor is made of a solid piece of a semiconductor material and either used as switches, to turn electronic signals on or off – or, as amplifiers.

Play the Transistor Recycler Game or try and build a transistor replica!

The Transistor

Transistors are devices that control the movement of electrons, and consequently, electricity. They are the major component in all digital circuits, including computer microprocessors which contain millions of microscopic transistors.

The Transistor in a Century of Electronics



William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain were awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the transistor in 1947. John Bardeen is the only person awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics twice.

More about the Laureates