Physics Prizes and Laureates

2014 Physics Prize will be announced in:

6 days

Tuesday 7 October, 11:45 a.m.

Quick Facts

Founded: 1901
Awards: 107 Prizes to 196 Laureates
Prizes to one Laureate only: 47
Awarded women: 2

More facts on the Nobel Prize in Physics
The Nobel Medal for Physics and Chemistry. Registered trademark of the Nobel Foundation. © ® The Nobel Foundation

The Nobel Prize in Physics

Awarded to 196 Nobel Laureates since 1901

"The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- - -/ one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics ..."

(Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel)

Physics was the prize area which Alfred Nobel mentioned first in his will. At the end of the nineteenth century, many people considered physics as the foremost of the sciences, and perhaps Nobel saw it this way as well. His own research was also closely tied to physics.

The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.


The Nobel Prize in Physics 1901-2000

The Nobel Prizes were created just in time to enable the awards to cover many of the outstanding contributions that opened new areas of physics in this period.

More about the Physics Prizes during the past century

Did You Know?


Nobel Prizes in Physics have been awarded between 1901-2013.


Physics Prizes have been given to one Laureate only.


women have been awarded the Physics Prize so far.


person, John Bardeen, has been awarded the Physics Prize twice.


years was the age of the youngest Physics Laureate ever, Lawrence Bragg, when he was awarded the 1915 Physics Prize together with his father.


is the average age of the Physics Laureates the year they were awarded the prize.

All facts and figures on the Nobel Prize in Physics

Gross and Wilczek

"The Chairman of the Committee Couldn't Find Me ..."

1989 Physics Laureate Norman F. Ramsey talks about the unexpected call from Stockholm.

Watch the video clip

Transistors - Fundamental in Electronic Devices

The Transistor Recycler Game

Play and Learn!

A transistor is made of a solid piece of a semiconductor material and either used as switches, to turn electronic signals on or off – or, as amplifiers.

Play the Transistor Recycler Game or try and build a transistor replica!

The Transistor

Transistors are devices that control the movement of electrons, and consequently, electricity. They are the major component in all digital circuits, including computer microprocessors which contain millions of microscopic transistors.

The Transistor in a Century of Electronics



William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain were awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the transistor in 1947. John Bardeen is the only person awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics twice.

More about the Laureates