Awards: 107 Prizes to 196 Laureates
Prizes to one Laureate only: 47
Awarded women: 2
Average age of a Physics Laureate: 55
Age of youngest Physics Laureate: 25
Age of oldest Physics Laureate: 88
“The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- - -/ one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics ...”
(Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel)
Physics was the prize area which Alfred Nobel mentioned first in his will. At the end of the nineteenth century, many people considered physics as the foremost of the sciences, and perhaps Nobel saw it this way as well. His own research was also closely tied to physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
Each Nobel Diploma is a unique work of art.Watch François Englert's diploma
A transistor is made of a solid piece of a semiconductor material and either used as switches, to turn electronic signals on or off – or, as amplifiers.Play the Transistor Recycler Game or try and build a transistor replica!
Transistors are devices that control the movement of electrons, and consequently, electricity. They are the major component in all digital circuits, including computer microprocessors which contain millions of microscopic transistors.The Transistor in a Century of Electronics
PHYSICS PRIZE 1956 William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain were awarded a Nobel Prize for the invention of the transistor in 1947. John Bardeen is the only person awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics twice.More on the Laureates