The Nobel Prize in Physics 1958
Pavel A. Cherenkov, Il´ja M. Frank, Igor Y. Tamm
Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov
Born: 28 July 1904, Novaya Chigla, Russia
Died: 6 January 1990, USSR
Affiliation at the time of the award: P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, USSR
Prize motivation: "for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"
Field: Electromagnetism, instrumentation
Cherenkov was born in Voronezh Region on July 28, 1904. His
parents, Aleksei and Mariya Cerenkov, were peasants. He graduated
from the Physico-Mathematical Faculty of Voronezh State
University in 1928, and in 1930 he took a post as senior
scientific officer in the P.N. Lebedev Institute of Physics in
the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences. He was promoted to section
leader, and in 1940 he was awarded the degree of Doctor in
Physico-Mathematical Sciences. In 1953 he was confirmed in the
academic rank of Professor of Experimental Physics, and since
1959 he has controlled the photo-meson processes laboratory. He
has taught in institutes for higher learning for fourteen
It was in 1934, whilst he was working under S.I. Vavilov, that Cerenkov observed the emission of blue light from a bottle of water subjected to radioactive bombardment. This "Cerenkov effect", associated with charged atomic particles moving at velocities higher than the speed of light, proved to be of great importance in subsequent experimental work in nuclear physics and for the study of cosmic rays. The Cerenkov detector has become a standard piece of equipment in atomic research for observing the existence and velocity of high-speed particles, and the device was installed in Sputnik III. He has shared in the work of development and construction of electron accelerators and in investigations of photo-nuclear and photo-meson reactions.
Cerenkov was awarded State Prizes in 1946 (with Vavilov, Frank, and Tamm) and in 1951.
In 1930 he married Marya Putintseva, daughter of A.M. Putintsev, Professor of Russian Literature. They have a son, Aleksei, and a daughter, Elena.
From Nobel Lectures, Physics 1942-1962, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1964
This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.
Pavel A. Cherenkov died on January 6, 1990.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1958
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