The Nobel Prize in Physics 1958
Pavel A. Cherenkov, Il´ja M. Frank, Igor Y. Tamm
Il´ja Mikhailovich Frank
Born: 23 October 1908, Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), Russia
Died: 22 June 1990, Moscow, USSR (now Russia)
Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Moscow, Moscow, USSR, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, USSR
Prize motivation: "for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"
Il'ja Mikhailovich Frank was
born in Leningrad on October 23, 1908, the younger son of Mikhail
Lyudvigovic Frank, a Professor of Mathematics, and his wife, Dr.
Yelizaveta Mikhailovna Gratsianova. He attended the Moscow State
University as a pupil of Vavilov, and graduated in 1930. In
1931 he became a senior scientific officer in Professor A.N.
Terenin's laboratory in the State Optical Institute in Leningrad,
and in 1934 he joined the P.N. Lebedev Institute of Physics of the U.S.S.R.
Academy of Sciences as a scientific officer. He was promoted
firstly to senior scientific officer and, in 1941, to his present
position as officer in charge of the Atomic Nucleus Laboratory.
Since 1957 he has simultaneously occupied the post of Director of
the Neutron Laboratory of the Joint Institute of Nuclear
The first investigations of I.M. Frank were in the field of photoluminescence and in photochemistry. From 1934 he began his work on nuclear physics in the Laboratory of Professor D.V. Skobeltzyn. The experimental investigations of pair creation by g-rays and other problems connected with the measurements and application of g-rays were carried out by him. His further works were devoted to neutron physics, the investigation of reactions on light nuclei and nuclear fission by mesons.
The subject of his theoretical investigations is the Vavilov-Cerenkov effect and related problems.
Frank was awarded the degree of Doctor of Physico-Mathematical Sciences in 1935; in 1944 he was confirmed in the academic rank of Professor, and was elected a Corresponding Member of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences in 1946.
He married Ella Abramovna Beilikhis, a noted historian, in 1937. They have one son, Alexander.
From Nobel Lectures, Physics 1942-1962, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1964
This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.
Il'ja M. Frank died on June 22, 1990.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1958
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