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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1971
Dennis Gabor

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Dennis Gabor - Facts

Dennis Gabor

Dennis Gabor

Born: 5 June 1900, Budapest, Hungary

Died: 8 February 1979, London, United Kingdom

Affiliation at the time of the award: Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for his invention and development of the holographic method"

Field: optical physics

Prize share: 1/1

Work

During the 19th century photographic methods were developed that resulted in two-dimensional images. In 1951 Dennis Gabor discovered a way of producing images with the illusion of depth. The method was based on interference - interaction between light waves - and coherence - light waves aligned in phase with one another. Light falling on an object is captured on photographic film along with a reference beam that did not fall on the object. When only the reference beam falls on the developed film, the light is bent so that a reproduction with depth is produced.

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