The Nobel Prize in Physics 1973
Leo Esaki, Ivar Giaever, Brian D. Josephson
Born: 12 March 1925, Osaka, Japan
Affiliation at the time of the award: IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
Prize motivation: "for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively"
Field: condensed matter physics, semiconductors