The Nobel Prize in Physics 1981
Nicolaas Bloembergen, Arthur L. Schawlow, Kai M. Siegbahn
Born: 11 March 1920, Dordrecht, the Netherlands
Affiliation at the time of the award: Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
Prize motivation: "for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy"
Field: optical physics, quantum electrodynamics