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  The Nobel Prize in Physics 2003
       
 

  It all started in 1911!

   
 
1911 Heike Kammerlingh Onnes discovers superconductivity in mercury.
Nobel Prize in Physics 1913.
1938 Pyotr Kapitsa discovers superfluid 4He.
Nobel Prize in Physics 1978.
1947 Lev Landau proposes a theory for superfluid 4He.
Nobel Prize in Physics 1962.
1950 Vitaly Ginzburg and Lev Landau publish a phenomenological theory for superconductivity.
Nobel Prize in Physics 2003.
1957 Alexei Abrikosov builds on the work by Ginzburg and Landau and publishes a theory for superconductors of type II.
Nobel Prize in Physics 2003.
1957 John Bardeen, Leon Cooper and Robert Schrieffer publish a microscopic theory for superconductivity (type I).
Nobel Prize in Physics 1972.
1962 Brian Josephson predicts properties of supercurrents.
Nobel Prize in Physics 1973.
1972 David Lee, Douglas Osheroff and Robert Richardson discover superfluid 3He.
Nobel Prize in Physics 1996.
1972 Anthony Leggett proposes a theory for superfluid 3He.
Nobel Prize in Physics 2003.
1986 George Bednorz and Alex Müller discover high-temperature superconductors (type II).
Nobel Prize in Physics 1987.


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