Nobelprize.org
Malala Yousafzai

Women Who Changed the World

Svetlana Alexievich LITERATURE 2015

Svetlana Alexievich

Gave voice to the post-Soviet individual


Youyou Tu PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 2015

Youyou Tu

Discovered a novel therapy against malaria


May-Britt Moser PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 2014

May-Britt Moser

Discovered the brain's positioning system


Malala Yousafzai PEACE 2014

Malala Yousafzai

Advocate of girls' right to education


Alice Munro LITERATURE 2013

Alice Munro

Master of the contemporary short story


Ellen Johnson Sirleaf PEACE 2011

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

Promoter of peace, justice and democratic rule in Liberia


Leymah Gbowee PEACE 2011

Leymah Gbowee

Activist for women's rights, peace and social justice


Tawakkol Karman PEACE 2011

Tawakkol Karman

Led work for women's rights in Yemen


Elinor Ostrom ECONOMIC SCIENCES 2009

Elinor Ostrom

Studied the management of common property


Herta Müller LITERATURE 2009

Herta Müller

Writer depicting corruption, intolerance and repression



Elizabeth Blackburn PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 2009

Elizabeth Blackburn

Discovered the vital role of telomeres


Carol Greider PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 2009

Carol Greider

Discovered the vital role of telomeres


Ada Yonath CHEMISTRY 2009

Ada Yonath

Mapped the ribosome at the atomic level


Françoise Barré-Sinoussi PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 2008

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

Discovered the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)


Doris Lessing LITERATURE 2007

Doris Lessing

Wrote about how and why we live


Wangari Maathai PEACE 2004

Wangari Maathai

Founder of grass roots movement to combat deforestation


Linda Buck PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 2004

Linda Buck

Discovered how our sense of smell works


Elfriede Jelinek LITERATURE 2004

Elfriede Jelinek

Revealed the absurdity of society's clichés in her writing


Shirin Ebadi PEACE 2003

Shirin Ebadi

Human rights activist and lawyer


Jody Williams PEACE 1997

Jody Williams

Peace activist and campaigner against landmines


Wislawa Szymborska LITERATURE 1996

Wislawa Szymborska

Wrote poetry that links the past with the present


Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 1995

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard

Discovered genetic mechanisms controlling early development


Toni Morrison LITERATURE 1993

Toni Morrison

Depicts the historical role of African-American women in society


Rigoberta Menchú Tum PEACE 1992

Rigoberta Menchú Tum

Campaigner for the rights of indigenous peoples


Nadine Gordimer LITERATURE 1991

Nadine Gordimer

Depicted the consequences of apartheid


Aung San Suu Kyi PEACE 1991

Aung San Suu Kyi

Led a struggle for democracy and human rights in Myanmar


Gertrude B. Elion PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 1988

Gertrude B. Elion

Discovered important principles for drug treatment


Rita Levi-Montalcini PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 1986

Rita Levi-Montalcini

Investigated how the nervous system grows and develops


Barbara McClintock PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 1983

Barbara McClintock

Discovered mobile genetic elements, "jumping genes"


Alva Myrdal PEACE 1982

Alva Myrdal

Played a central role in the United Nations' disarmament negotiations


Mother Teresa PEACE 1979

Mother Teresa

Worked for the poor in Calcutta through her order, the Missionaries of Charity


Rosalyn Yalow PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 1977

Rosalyn Yalow

Developed a methodology for the determination of protein hormones in the blood


Betty Williams PEACE 1976

Betty Williams

Founded a grass roots movement against violence in Northern Ireland


Mairead Corrigan PEACE 1976

Mairead Corrigan

Founded a grass roots movement against violence in Northern Ireland


Nelly Sachs LITERATURE 1966

Nelly Sachs

Presented the cultural heritage of the Jewish people


Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin CHEMISTRY 1964

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

Determined the crystal structures of penicillin and vitamin B12


Maria Goeppert Mayer PHYSICS 1963

Maria Goeppert Mayer

Made the first advanced model of nuclear structure


Gerty Cori PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE 1947

Gerty Cori

Proved insight into glycogen and glucose metabolism


Emily Greene Balch PEACE 1946

Emily Greene Balch

Leader of the American peace movement


Gabriela Mistral LITERATURE 1945

Gabriela Mistral

Wrote lyrical poetry on the theme of love, betrayal and nature


Pearl Buck LITERATURE 1938

Pearl Buck

Portrayed peasant life in China


Irène Joliot-Curie CHEMISTRY 1935

Irène Joliot-Curie

Discovered artificial radioactivity


Jane Addams PEACE 1931

Jane Addams

Social worker active in the peace movement


Sigrid Undset LITERATURE 1928

Sigrid Undset

Made vivid the life of medieval women


Grazia Deledda LITERATURE 1926

Grazia Deledda

Portrayed the harsh life in Sardinia in her poetry


Selma Lagerlöf LITERATURE 1909

Selma Lagerlöf

Storyteller and painter of peasant life


Bertha von Suttner PEACE 1905

Bertha von Suttner

Leader in the international peace movement


Marie Curie CHEMISTRY 1911
PHYSICS 1903

Marie Curie

Discovered the elements radium and polonium
Pioneering research on radiation