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Nomination and Selection
of Nobel Laureates

Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

FAQ

- How can I nominate myself or someone for a Nobel Peace Prize?
- How can I propose a new invention for a Nobel Prize?

Find the answers in the FAQ

Who Can Nominate for a Nobel Prize?

Each year, thousands of members of academies, university professors, scientists, previous Nobel Laureates and members of parliamentary assemblies and others, are asked to submit candidates for the Nobel Prizes for the coming year. These nominators are chosen in such a way that as many countries and universities as possible are represented over time.

Read more about how the Nobel Laureates are nominated:

Nomination of the Physics Laureates
Nomination of the Chemistry Laureates
Nomination of the Medicine Laureates
Nomination of the Literature Laureates
Nomination of the Peace Prize Laureates
Nomination of the Laureates in Economic Sciences


Facts

  • The nomination processes start in September each year.
  • No person can nominate herself/himself for a Nobel Prize.
  • The Nobel Committees are responsible for the selection of the candidates.
  • The names of the nominees cannot be revealed until 50 years later.

Questions and Answers about Nominations

Geir Lundestad Geir Lundestad

Can You Choose Anyone for the Nobel Peace Prize?

Geir Lundestad, Secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, answers frequently asked questions about the Nobel Peace Prize: the selection process, the most popular and criticized prizes and more.

All questions and answers

Peter Englund. Peter Englund

How Do You Find Authors Worthy a Literature Prize?

Peter Englund, Permanent Secretary of the Swedish Academy, answers frequently asked questions about the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Read Peter Englund's answers

Peter Englund. Peter Englund

Who Selects the Laureates in Economic Sciences?

Peter Englund, former Secretary of the Economic Sciences Prize Committee, answers questions about the Prize in Economic Sciences.

17 frequently asked questions

Göran K. Hansso Göran K. Hansson

Which Research Area Has Been Awarded Most Often? Why?

Göran K. Hansson, Secretary of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine, answers frequently asked questions about the Medicine Prize

15 questions about the Medicine Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize and Nominations

Norwegian flag

Why a Norwegian Nobel Committee?

Alfred Nobel left no explanation as to why the Peace Prize was to be awarded by a Norwegian committee while the other four prizes were to be handled by Swedish committees.

Read more
Archive files

Nomination Archive Open

The information in the nomination archive is now accessible. Search among the names of the nominees and nominators, as well as additional information about the nominations now revealed according to the 50 years rule.

Explore the archive
Martin Luther King

Who Nominated Martin Luther King?

The first nomination for Martin Luther King Jr. arrived to the Norwegian Nobel Committee in 1963. Not until now, 50 years later, the nominators are revealed.

Read more

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi - Nominated but Never Awarded

Mahatma Gandhi, the strongest symbol of non-violence in the 20th century, was never awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Read about the 'missing Laureate'

The Nobel Prize in Literature and Nominations

Archive

Explore the Nomination Archive

Search among nominators and nominees in the database spanning the years 1901-1963.

Explore the nomination archive
Rabindranath Tagore on his 70th birthday. Photo taken in May 1931. Source: German Federal Archives, via Wikimedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Germany license. Attribution: Bundesarchiv, Bild 102-11643/CC-BY-SA. Photographer unknown

One Year Only

Rabindranath Tagore, Sinclair Lewis, Pearl Buck, Bertrand Russell and William Faulkner are some of the authors who were awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature after being nominated in one year only.

Nominations for the Nobel Prize in Literature per year
Silhouettes

Who Did the Laureates Nominate?

See which authors the Literature Laureates themselves nominated 1901-1950.

Nominations by Nobel Laureates
Book

Nominations and Reports

Once the statutes of the Nobel Foundation had been ratified in June 1900, the Swedish Academy immediately set to work on the preparations required to enable the award of the first prize in 1901.

More about the work