The International Committee of the Red Cross, three-time Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (1917, 1944, 1963), was nominated in 1901, the inaugural year of the Peace Prize, but it was the founder of the Red Cross, Henry Dunant, who got the first Peace Prize, sharing it with Frédéric Passy. Another Laureate engaged in humanitarian work, Albert Schweitzer, was awarded the Prize in 1952, although he had been nominated every year during the 1930s. Jane Addams was nominated 91 times between 1916 and 1931, when she was finally awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. By contrast, Emily Green Balch, Fridtjof Nansen and Theodore Roosevelt received the Peace Prize the first year they were nominated. Mahatma Gandhi was nominated in 5 different years, first in 1937 and lastly in 1948, the year he was assassinated. Although Gandhi was not awarded the Prize (a posthumous award is not allowed by the statutes), no Laureate was named for 1948 either. This type of information, and much more, is available in the Nomination Database spanning the years 1901-1956.
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