||Bloch was nominated for his work "The Future of War in its Technical, Economic and Political Relations" (6 vols., 1898). One of his conclusions was that there would be no decisive victories in future land wars between great powers; the armies would entrench themselves and the ensuing deadlock would last for years. Armed conflict would be determined not by military success but by the eventual economic collapse of societies.
||The Faculty of Law at the University of Lille
||The Institute of International Law (Institut de Droit International)
||The Institute of International Law was nominated for its work to draft the first international arbitration regulations, and for its efforts to establish a codification of the laws of war.
||Cérésole was the founder of an international voluntary relief service (Service volontaire international pour la paix). The relief service was to be an alternative for conscientious objectors to ordinary military service. The organization acvocated mutual understanding, helpfulness and brotherhood.