Nobelprize.org
Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nomination Database for the
Nobel Peace Prize, 1901-1956

Year Nominator Nominee(s) Motivation  
1905 de Aulnis de Bourrouil Smet de Naeyer Smet de Naeyer was nominated for his efforts to accomplish an international agreement concerning the sugar industry. Show »
1931 4 professors at the Faculty of Law at the University of Utrecht Schweitzer Albert Schweitzer was nominated for his humanitarian work on a religious basis. Originally a student of theology and philosophy, he entered medical school in 1905 in order to qualify as a mission doctor in Gabon, at the time part of French Equatorial Africa. In 1913 he arrived at Lambaréné where he and his wife set up a hospital. He spent most of his life at Lambaréné, although he was still preoccupied with philosophical problems. His most significant contribution in this respect was the book "The Philosophy of Civilization" (1923), in which he developed the concept "reverence for life" as a universal principle of ethics. He also made efforts to promote Franco-German reconciliaton. Show »
1931 Ovink Schweitzer Albert Schweitzer was nominated for his humanitarian work on a religious basis. Originally a student of theology and philosophy, he entered medical school in 1905 in order to qualify as a mission doctor in Gabon, at the time part of French Equatorial Africa. In 1913 he arrived at Lambaréné where he and his wife set up a hospital. He spent most of his life at Lambaréné, although he was still preoccupied with philosophical problems. His most significant contribution in this respect was the book "The Philosophy of Civilization" (1923), in which he developed the concept "reverence for life" as a universal principle of ethics. He also made efforts to promote Franco-German reconciliaton. Show »
1934 Verzijl Mott
The Academy of International Law (Académie de Droit international de la Haye)
Mott was nominated for his work in international ecclesiastical and missionary movements for more than 40 years, promoting goodwill, international understanding and cooperation as the foundation of lasting peace. He contributed to the establishment of the modern ecumenical movement, and also the formation of the World Council of Churches. Show »
1934 Verzijl The Academy of International Law (Académie de Droit international de la Haye)
Mott
Mott was nominated for his work in international ecclesiastical and missionary movements for more than 40 years, promoting goodwill, international understanding and cooperation as the foundation of lasting peace. He contributed to the establishment of the modern ecumenical movement, and also the formation of the World Council of Churches. Show »
1936 Valkhoff von Ossietzky Ossietzky worked for the organized German peace movement until 1921 (he resigned from his post as secretary of the German Peace Society because he disagreed with its policy). He became foreign editor of the "Berliner Volkszeitung", a democratic and anti-militaristic newspaper. Later he became editor of "Das Tagebuch" and "Die Weltbühne". Ossietzky criticized the Nazi Party and the disparities of the Weimar Republic, while he actively advocated justice and democratic rights. He warned against anti-Semitism, opposed the death penalty, supported reconciliation with France, and he advocated the acceptance of Germany as an equal member of the League of Nations. When Hitler became chancellor in 1933 and the Nazi Party became the predominant political power in Germany, Ossietzky was arrested and confined to a concentration camp. Show »
1949 Langved Montessori Montessori furthered international understanding through her educational work. Show »
1949 Stellway Montessori Montessori furthered international understanding through her educational work. Show »
1955 Verzije Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees An International Relief Organization, founded by U.N. in 1951 Show »
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MLA style: "Nomination Database - Peace". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 24 Apr 2014. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/archive/peace/nomination.php?action=advsearch&key1=nomcity&log1=IS&string1=Utrecht&log10=AND&key2=nomcountry&log2=IS&string2=NL>

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