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Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nomination Database for the
Nobel Peace Prize, 1901-1956

Year Nominator Nominee(s) Motivation  
1901 Lehr The Institute of International Law (Institut de Droit International)
Descamps
The Institute of International Law was nominated for its work to draft the first international arbitration regulations, and for its efforts to establish a codification of the laws of war. Descamps was nominated for his inter-parliamentary peace work. President of the sixth Inter-Parliamentary Peace Conference in Brussels in 1895, and Belgian delegate to the peace conference at The Hague in 1899. He was elected Secretary General of the Institute of International Law in 1900. Descamps wrote significant works on neutrality and disarmament, and he also contributed to the abolitionist movement. Show »
1901 Martin The International Committee of the Red Cross The International Committee of the Red Cross (Comité International de la Croix-Rouge) was founded in 1863 by Jean Henry Dunant. He initiated the negotiations that resulted in the Geneva Convention concerning the treatment of wounded soldiers (1864). Its aim was to help victims of war, both military personnel and civilians. Show »
1901 Morel Ducommun Ducommun was the unpaid leader of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, and his work was therefore closely connected to it. He actively started working for peace in 1867 when he participated at the foundation of Ligue de la Paix et de la Liberté. Ducommun advocated a pragmatic and practical approach to peace work, and he promoted international arbitration. Show »
1901 Morel Passy Passy's career as a peace worker began in 1856 with his opposition to the Crimean War. In 1867 he founded the first French peace society (Ligue internationale et permanente de la paix). Passy promoted free trade, pacifism, international law and arbitration. As a member of parliament (1881-1889), Passy also contributed to the founding of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Show »
1901 Morel The Permanent International Peace Bureau The Peace Bureau organized peace conferences, and it collected and published peace literature. It was the heart of the European peace movement, and it co-ordinated the activities of the various national and non-governmental peace organizations. Show »
1901 Richard The Inter-Parliamentary Union The Inter-Parliamentary Union promoted international arbitration and organized annual inter-parliamentary conferences. Show »
1901 Stein Ducommun
The Permanent International Peace Bureau
Ducommun was the unpaid leader of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, and his work was therefore closely connected to it. He actively started working for peace in 1867 when he participated at the foundation of Ligue de la Paix et de la Liberté. Ducommun advocated a pragmatic and practical approach to peace work, and he promoted international arbitration. The Peace Bureau organized peace conferences, and it collected and published peace literature. It was the heart of the European peace movement, and it co-ordinated the activities of the various national and non-governmental peace organizations. Show »
1901 Stein The Permanent International Peace Bureau
Ducommun
The Peace Bureau organized peace conferences, and it collected and published peace literature. It was the heart of the European peace movement, and it co-ordinated the activities of the various national and non-governmental peace organizations. Ducommun was the unpaid leader of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, and his work was therefore closely connected to it. He actively started working for peace in 1867 when he participated at the foundation of Ligue de la Paix et de la Liberté. Ducommun advocated a pragmatic and practical approach to peace work, and he promoted international arbitration. Show »
1902 Lehr Descamps
The Institute of International Law (Institut de Droit International)
Descamps was nominated for his inter-parliamentary peace work. President of the sixth Inter-Parliamentary Peace Conference in Brussels in 1895, and Belgian delegate to the peace conference at The Hague in 1899. He was elected Secretary General of the Institute of International Law in 1900. Descamps wrote significant works on neutrality and disarmament, and he also contributed to the abolitionist movement. The Institute of International Law was nominated for its work to draft the first international arbitration regulations, and for its efforts to establish a codification of the laws of war. Show »
1902 Richard Gobat Gobat was secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. He was one of the leading administrators in the peace movement. Show »
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MLA style: "Nomination Database - Peace". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 22 Dec 2014. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/archive/peace/nomination.php?action=advsearch&start=11&key1=nomcountry&log1==&string1=CH&log10=&log11=&order1=year&order2=nomname&order3=cand1name>

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