|Name:||Erich Maria Remarque|
|Name:||Nicholas Murray Butler|
|Profession/Category:||Professor of Philosophy. President of Columbia University. President of Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.|
|City:||New York City|
|Country:||US (UNITED STATES)|
|Received prize:||Pea 1931 »|
|Motivation:||Remarque was nominated for his novel "Im Westen nicht Neues" (All Quiet on the Western Front) 1929, in which he depicted a realistic picture of the German army and the horrors of war.
Butler advocated peace, international cooperation and arbitration. He supported the Briand-Kellogg Pact, and he promoted international understanding. Butler also assisted in the establishment of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, of which he was a trustee and later president (1925-45).
|Profession/Category:||Professor of Law (Jurisprudence)|
|Comment:||Butler was also on the short list, but no new evaluation was requested.
The German Officer Association (Deutscher Officier-Bund) protested against Remarque's candidacy, claiming that his book was a gross offence against the German army and the German soldier.