|Name:||William Randal Cremer|
|Profession/Category:||Member of parliament. Secretary of the International Arbitration League. Co-founder of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.|
|Country:||GB (UNITED KINGDOM)|
|Received prize:||Pea 1903 »|
|Profession/Category:||Pioneer peace worker. Organizer of peace societies and congresses. Co-founder of the Interparliamentary Union.|
|Received prize:||Pea 1901 »|
|Motivation:||Cremer established the International Arbitration League in 1870. He initiated an arbitration treaty between Great Britain and the USA. Cremer organized and promoted inter-parliamentary peace conferences, and he was editor of the journal "The Arbitrator". He was the only labor leader in the peace movement. Cremer was also one of the founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Passy's career as a peace worker began in 1856 with his opposition to the Crimean War. In 1867 he founded the first French peace society (Ligue internationale et permanente de la paix). Passy promoted free trade, pacifism, international law and arbitration. As a member of parliament (1881-1889), Passy also contributed to the founding of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
|Profession/Category:||Member of the Council of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.|