|Profession/Category:||Pioneer peace worker. Organizer of peace societies and congresses. Co-founder of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.|
|Received prize:||Pea 1901 »|
|Motivation:||Passy's career as a peace worker began in 1856 with his opposition to the Crimean War. In 1867 he founded the first French peace society (Ligue internationale et permanente de la paix). Passy promoted free trade, pacifism, international law and arbitration. As a member of parliament (1881-1889), Passy also contributed to the founding of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.|
|Name:||Count Fr. Schönbrunn|
|Profession/Category:||Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague|
|Name:||Christian Lous Lange|
|Comment:||Schönbrunn wanted the Norwegian Nobel Committee to bestow an honorary peace award on Czar Nikolai II of Russia for his initiative that resulted in the 1899 Hague Peace Conference. In addition, Schönbrunn wished that the Nobel Committee would divide the prize money between some worthy peace workers, namely William Randal Cremer, Frédéric Passy and Bertha von Suttner.
Lange did not include this nomination among the official nominations. However, Schönbrunn was a memeber of the Arbitraion Court at the Hague and he was thereby entitled to nominate a candidate for the peace prize.