|Profession/Category:||Pioneer peace worker. Organizer of peace societies and congresses. Co-founder of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.|
|Received prize:||Pea 1901 »|
|Name:||Fyodor Fyodorovich Martens|
|Profession/Category:||Professor of International Law. Diplomat. International arbitrator.|
|Country:||RU (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)|
|Name:||Baroness Bertha Sophie F von Suttner|
|Profession/Category:||Author. Vice president of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.|
|Received prize:||Pea 1905 »|
|Motivation:||Passy's career as a peace worker began in 1856 with his opposition to the Crimean War. In 1867 he founded the first French peace society (Ligue internationale et permanente de la paix). Passy promoted free trade, pacifism, international law and arbitration. As a member of parliament (1881-1889), Passy also contributed to the founding of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
Martens advocated international arbitration and he also worked to establish a codification of the laws of war. Martens often acted as mediator in disputes between European states.Author of the book "La paix et la guerre".
Suttner was the author of the novel "Die Waffen nieder" (Lay Down Your Arms), the most important antiwar novel of the period. She was the founder and president of the Austrian Peace Society (1891), and she contributed to the foundation of the Permanent International Peace Bureau (1891). Suttner was nominated for her contribution to the international peace movement.
|Name:||Professors at the University of Agram (Zagreb)|
|Profession/Category:||Professors of Political Science, History and Philosophy.|
|Name:||Christian Lous Lange|
|Comment:||Passy began working for peace during the Crimean War, but he did not involve himself more actively in peace work until 1867.|