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Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nomination Database for the
Nobel Peace Prize, 1901-1956

Year Nominator Nominee(s) Motivation  
1901 Nigra Czar Nikolai II of Russia Nikolai II initiated the First Hague Peace Conference in 1899. The czar's intention was to seek agreements to limit armaments and the financial burden of excessive armament, and to improve the prospects of peaceful settlement of international conflicts and to codify the laws of war. Show »
1901 Nigra de Bloch Bloch was nominated for his work "The Future of War in its Technical, Economic and Political Relations" (6 vols., 1898). One of his conclusions was that there would be no decisive victories in future land wars between great powers; the armies would entrench themselves and the ensuing deadlock would last for years. Armed conflict would be determined not by military success but by the eventual economic collapse of societies. Show »
1901 Nigra Passy Passy's career as a peace worker began in 1856 with his opposition to the Crimean War. In 1867 he founded the first French peace society (Ligue internationale et permanente de la paix). Passy promoted free trade, pacifism, international law and arbitration. As a member of parliament (1881-1889), Passy also contributed to the founding of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Show »
1901 Nigra von Suttner Suttner was the author of the novel "Die Waffen nieder" (Lay Down Your Arms), the most important antiwar novel of the period. She was the founder and president of the Austrian Peace Society (1891), and she contributed to the foundation of the Permanent International Peace Bureau (1891). Suttner was nominated for her contribution to the international peace movement. Show »
1901 The Italian Inter-Parliamentary Group Pandolfi Pandolfi was nominated for his efforts to establish local peace associations (Venice and Turin) and the Italian Peace Society, and also for his inter-parliamentary peace work. He acted as mediator between Italy and Romania, and Italy and France, in an attempt to create greater understanding and a sense of brotherhood between these states. Show »
1902 Colojanni Moneta Moneta became active in the peace movement in 1870. In 1878 he helped establish the League of Liberty, Brotherhood and Peace in Milan. In 1887 he helped to found the Society for International Peace and Justice, and the Lombard Union for International Peace and Understanding, of which he became president. Moneta regularly attended international peace congresses, and from 1895 onwards he was a member of the Permanent Interntional Peace Bureau. He actively worked to establish better understanding between countries on the verge of conflict, especially through arbitration. Show »
1902 Percetti Buonfanti Nomination based on Buonfanti's pamphlet "L'Avvenire". Show »
1903 Zanardelli Moneta Moneta became active in the peace movement in 1870. In 1878 he helped establish the League of Liberty, Brotherhood and Peace in Milan. In 1887 he helped to found the Society for International Peace and Justice, and the Lombard Union for International Peace and Understanding, of which he became president. Moneta regularly attended international peace congresses, and from 1895 onwards he was a member of the Permanent Interntional Peace Bureau. He actively worked to establish better understanding between countries on the verge of conflict, especially through arbitration. He was also editor of the journal "La Vita Internazionale". Show »
1904 Guarini Pierantoni Pierantoni was nominated for his considerable contribution to the development of international law and arbitration. Show »
1904 Nigra d'Estournelles de Constant D'Estournelles represented France at The Hague Peace Conference in 1899. He attempted to get acceptance for the principle of compulsory arbitration, but this was not possible. After the conference he strongly promoted the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and he founded the French Groupe de l'Arbitrage in 1903. D'Estournelles advocated Franco-German conciliation and wanted a European federation. Show »
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MLA style: "Nomination Database - Peace". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 24 Apr 2014. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/peace/nomination.php?action=advsearch&key1=nomcity&log1=IS&string1=Rome&log10=AND&key2=nomcountry&log2=IS&string2=IT>

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