Barbara McClintock is the only woman so far to have been awarded an unshared Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. In the 1950s she discovered transposable genes in corn. Her work was well-known, but little understood. Not until 1983 was she awarded the Nobel Prize.
This year's Nobel Prize announcements will take place 1-8 October. The Swedish Academy has decided to postpone the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature, with the intention of awarding it in 2019.
PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE - Monday 1 October, 11:30 a.m. at the earliest
PHYSICS - Tuesday 2 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
CHEMISTRY - Wednesday 3 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
PEACE - Friday 5 October, 11:00 a.m.
ECONOMIC SCIENCES - Monday 8 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
Times listed are local time in Sweden (CET).
The Nobel Foundation supports the Swedish Academy's decision to postpone the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature.
The awarding of the 2018 Nobel Prizes in other prize categories will not be impacted by this decision.Read the press release
Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent campaign against racism. "He is the first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence", said the Chairman of the Nobel Committee in his presentation speech.Presentation of the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize
Watch Martin Luther King Jr. receive his Nobel Medal and Diploma in Oslo, Norway, on 10 December 1964. Aged 35, he was then the youngest Nobel Peace Prize Laureate ever.Watch the video
The exhibition The Right to Freedom – Martin Luther King, Jr. will open at the Nobel Museum in Stockholm on 29 September 2018.More about the exhibition
Between 1901 and 2017, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 585 times to 923 people and organizations.
The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 27 times to organizations.See the list of awarded organizations
The Nobel Prize and Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded to women 49 times between 1901 and 2017.
Youngest Nobel Laureate ever is Malala Yousafzai. She was 17 years old when she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.All Nobel Laureates by age
Under the most dangerous circumstances, Malala Yousafzai has already fought for several years for the right of girls to education. She was awarded the 2014 Peace Prize.Watch or read her Nobel Lecture
Fairly unknown in Europe at the time, Bengali poet and Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore attracted western readers with his aura of mysticism.Tagore and his India
Human blood groups were discovered in 1901 by Karl Landsteiner, later awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.More on Karl Landsteiner
Although famed for his theory of general relativity, it was his law about light that gave Albert Einstein the Nobel Prize in Physics.Questions and answers about Albert Einstein
Marie Curie was a Nobel Laureate of many firsts: the first woman to be awarded a Nobel Prize, the first person to be awarded the Prize twice and still the only person to receive the Prize in two different scientific fields.Watch a glimpse of her in this video
Frederick Sanger was awarded his first Nobel Prize in Chemistry for determining the structure of proteins, in particular, insulin. In 1980, he was another a second prize.Watch a video about Frederick Sanger
© Nobel Media AB. Photo: Pi Frisk
On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his third and last will at the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris. When it was opened and read after his death, the will caused a lot of controversy both in Sweden and internationally, as Alfred Nobel had left much of his wealth for the establishment of a prize.Learn more about Alfred Nobel
© David Chipperfield Architects
Nobel Center is to be built on Blasieholmen, on a wonderful site along Stockholm's central waterfront.
Help your dog to cope with diabetes.Play the Diabetic Dog Game
Learn about human blood types and blood transfusions!Play the Blood Typing Game
Train a dog to drool on command! It's all about conditioned learning.Play the Pavlov's Dog Game
Collect a star and answer its laser question correctly.Play the Laser Challenge Game
Pioneering genome scientist Sir John Sulston has passed away at the age of 75. He shared the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries which contributed to the understanding of how genes control cell division and cell death in organisms.Biography
Richard E. Taylor passed away on 22 February, age 88. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 1990 for investigations that found clear signs that there exists an inner structure in the protons and neutrons of the atomic nucleus.Biography of Richard E. Taylor
Medicine Laureate and molecular biologist Günter Blobel passed away on 18 February. Blobel discovered that newly made proteins in living cells are provided with an "address tag" in order to be directed to the right location in the body.Autobiograhy of Günter Blobel