The Norwegian Nobel Committee received 304 candidates for the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize. 85 of these are organizations.
No person can nominate herself/himself for a Nobel Prize. But who can? And how are these persons chosen?
In his last will and testament, Alfred Nobel specifically designated the institutions responsible for the prizes he wished to be established.
Search among the names of the nominees and nominators, as well as additional information about the nominations 1901-1966.
Literary mastery, pioneering science, life-saving discoveries and actions for peace and human rights - achievements of women around the world awarded the Nobel Prize.
904 individuals and 24 organizations have been awarded Nobel Prizes so far. See the full list of all Nobel Laureates, awarded for "the benefit of humankind".
Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent campaign against racism. "He is the first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence", said the Chairman of the Nobel Committee in his speech at the award ceremony.
Martin Luther King Jr. held his acceptance speech in the auditorium of the University of Oslo in Norway. Watch or read the speech.
"Nonviolence is a powerful and just weapon. Indeed, it is a weapon unique in history, which cuts without wounding and ennobles the man who wields it."
Martin Luther King Jr.’s life and work are a fascinating part of an important stage of 20th-century history. His ideas extend far beyond his own time and the society in which he lived. Discrimination and conflicts because of skin colour or ethnicity manifest themselves in a variety of contexts in our own world.
On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will in Paris, France. The Swedish dynamite millionaire, who thought that his invention would end all wars, had now realised that it was a very deadly product. Wanting to make amends, he did what no man of such wealth had done before ...
On 10 December 1901 the first Nobel Prizes were awarded, in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace. Read more about the first prizes.
Chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK (today about 265 million dollar) to fund the Nobel Prizes. Read more about his life and work.
Manfred Eigen passed away on 6 February. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967 for his studies of extremely fast reactions. Manfred Eigen was 91 years old.
Roy Glauber was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2005 for his theoretical description of the behaviour of light particles. He passed away on 26 December, age 93.
Physics Laureate Riccardo Giacconi was awarded the 2002 Physics Prize. He was instrumental in developing the first satellite and telescope to explore this previously hidden view of the universe.
Chemistry Laureate Aaron Klug passed away on 20 November. He was awarded the Nobel Prize "for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes."