Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

  The First Transistor
In the late 40s three American scientists named William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain at Bell Labs, announced the creation of the first transistor. The name transistor is a combination of the words transfer and resistor - a transfer resistor - a transistor. When it was announced the name was explained; "because it is a resistor or semiconductor device which can amplify electrical signals as they are transferred through it from input to output terminals." This, the very first transistor was called a point-contact transistor. Shockley, Bardeen and Brattain received the Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect."
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