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The Future of Intelligence

Nobel Week Dialogue 2015


As machines are approaching – or even surpassing – human intelligence, is our society on the verge of a new technological revolution?

The Future of Intelligence was the theme for the 2015 edition of Nobel Week Dialogue, exploring scientific and cultural perspectives on intelligence such as:

  • What is the link between technology, education and inequality?
  • What role will creativity have in the future?
  • What will humans do when robots take over even more of our roles?
  • Who will benefit and who will lose out?

The event was held in Svenska Mässan in Gothenburg with a record number of more than 1 500 participants.

The scene was set by Ray Kurzweil, who highlighted that exponential growth is often a feature of technological development. Speakers then considered the question 'what is intelligence', highlighting both its diversity and its complexity.

Another question to be tackled was whether policy-makers are equipped to deal with future challenges. A keynote talk which clearly struck a chord with many audience members was Professor Sherry Turkle's discussion of the dangers of technology, if connection to our electronic devices reduces the quality of face-to-face conversations. Panellists also considered the opportunities and risks which will come with artificial intelligence and how to manage these.

Videos from the Meeting

The Future of Intelligence


In this talk, Ray Kurzweil explores the history and trajectory of advances in computing and Information Technology to project how he believes Artificial Intelligence (AI) may enhance our natural biological intelligence in the future.


Redefining Intelligence


Carl Wieman, 2001 Nobel Laureate in Physics, explains why he believes traditional measurements of intelligence are misleading. In his view intelligence isn't innate, but instead created. Carl Wieman also explores ways to improve intelligence.


What is Intelligence?


Is it possible to define intelligence? The panel discusses this topic in addition to exploring how people are affected by all interactions that we experience daily in the real world and on social media.

Panellists: Barbara Grosz, Helga Nowotny, Edvard Moser and Margaret Boden.
Moderator: Göran K. Hansson.


Are Policymakers Smart Enough?


Mikael Damberg, Lisa Lindström and moderator Mattias Fyrenius explore answers to this difficult question.


The Future of Expertise


How will humans and machines collaborate? Guru Banavar leads IBM's worldwide research team responsible for creating the next generation of cognitive systems known as Watson. He and his team build a range of cognitive systems that perform a variety of tasks based on massive heterogeneous data – from answering questions conversationally, to extracting knowledge and discovering insights, to evaluating options for difficult decisions. These cognitive systems are designed to create new partnerships between people and machines to augment and scale human expertise in every industry, from healthcare to financial services to education.


Is the Digital Age Changing Us?


Sherry Turkle, Professor of the Social Studies of Science and Technology at MIT, believes we are affected by all the technology we interact with daily. She explains that the simple act of placing a mobile phone on a table when speaking to another person changes the dynamic of the conversation.


Should We Fear or Welcome the Singularity?


Should science and society welcome 'the singularity' – the idea of the hypothetical moment in time when artificial intelligence surpasses human intelligence?

Panellists: Stuart Russell, Max Tegmark, Harry Shum and Ray Kurzweil.
Moderator: Margaret Boden.


How Will AI Change the World?


Nobel Laureate Michael Levitt, Cynthia Breazeal, Dzulkifli Abdul Razak, and Joel Mokyr explore the topic of artificial intelligence in a discussion moderated by Leila Janah.

Panellists: Michael Levitt, Cynthia Breazeal, Dzulkifli Abdul Razak and Joel Mokyr.
Moderator: Leila Janah.


Afternoon Session: The Future of Human-Computer Interaction


This panel discussion explores the current and future state of technology and how humans will interact with machines in the future.

Panellists: Barbara Grosz, Cynthia Breazeal, Sherry Turkle and Guru Banavar.
Moderator: Stuart Russell.


Afternoon Session: The Future of Knowledge


This panel discussion explores the current and future state of technology and how humans will interact with machines in the future.

Panellists: Randy Schekman, Ray Kurzweil, Joel Mokyr and David Autor.
Moderator: Helga Nowotny.


Afternoon Session: The Future of Artificial Perception: What can Computers Learn from Humans?


Nobel Laureates Edvard Moser and May-Britt Moser are joined by Margaret Boden and Danica Kragic in the discussion.

Panellists: Edvard Moser, Margaret Boden, May-Britt Moser and Danica Kragic.
Moderator: Adam Smith.


Afternoon Session: The Future Development of AI


Nobel Laureates Edvard Moser and May-Britt Moser are joined by Margaret Boden and Danica Kragic in the discussion.

Panellists: Michael Levitt, Barbara Grosz, Stuart Russell and Harry Shum.
Moderator: Max Tegmark.


Afternoon Session: The Future of Learning


Lars Börjesson, Dzulkifli Abdul Razak, Pam Fredman, Carl Wieman, Brad Samargya and moderator Helga Nowotny discuss how technology might affect learning.

Panellists: Lars Börjesson, Dzulkifli Abdul Razak, Pam Fredman, Carl Wieman and Brad Samargya.
Moderator: Helga Nowotny.


Afternoon Session: The Future of Work


What will work be like in the future? This topic is discussed by Nobel Laureate Robert J. Shiller, Joel Mokyr, David Autor, Leila Janah in a conversation moderated by Laura Sprechmann.

Panellists: Robert J. Shiller, Joel Mokyr, David Autor and Leila Janah.
Moderator: Laura Sprechmann.


Intelligence in the Light of Art and Science


Nobel Laureate May-Britt Moser and artist Olafur Eliasson have a dynamic discussion moderated by Max Tegmark on how intelligence is represented in art and science.

Panellists: Olafur Eliasson and May-Britt Moser.
Moderator: Max Tegmark.


The Future of Creativity


Nobel Laureates May-Britt Moser, Edvard Moser, Randy Schekman, Michael Levitt, Robert J. Shiller and Carl Wieman discuss how technology might affect creativity in this panel at the Nobel Week Dialogue.

Panellists: May-Britt Moser, Edvard Moser, Randy Schekman, Michael Levitt, Robert J. Shiller and Carl Wieman.
Moderator: Adam Smith.

 

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MLA style: "Nobel Week Dialogue 2015: The Future of Intelligence". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 20 Nov 2017. <http://www.nobelprize.org/events/nobel-week-dialogue/2015/>

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