Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates
Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes 2000

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The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000

"for basic work on information and communication technology"

Zhores I. Alferov thumb picture
Herbert Kroemer thumb picture
Zhores I. Alferov and Herbert Kroemer

"for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics"

Jack S. Kilby thumb picture
Jack S. Kilby

"for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit"

Alan J. Heeger thumb picture
Alan G. MacDiarmid thumb picture
Hideki Shirakawa thumb picture
Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid and Hideki Shirakawa

"for the discovery and development of conductive polymers"

Arvid Carlsson thumb picture
Paul Greengard thumb picture
Eric R. Kandel thumb picture
Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard and Eric R. Kandel

"for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system"

Gao Xingjian thumb picture
Gao Xingjian

"for an æuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama"

Kim Dae-jung thumb picture
Kim Dae-jung

"for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"

James J. Heckman thumb picture
James J. Heckman

"for his development of theory and methods for analyzing selective samples"

Daniel L. McFadden thumb picture
Daniel L. McFadden

"for his development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice"

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