Nomination archive


Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize
Year:1934
Number:23 - 1
 
Nominee 1:
Name:Hans Kelsen
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1881
Year, Death:1973
Profession:Jurist, teacher and legal philosopher
University:Vienna
Country:AUSTRIA (AT)
 
Nominee 2:
Name:Hermann Kantorowicz
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1877
Year, Death:1940
Profession:Jurist and teacher
Country:GERMANY (DE)
 
Motivation:Kelsen had established a constitutional school based on his doctrine of government (the Viennese school). Kelsen stated that a theory of law should validate and give order to law itself, and his doctrine sought to understand the state from a juridical viewpoint not depending on political, social and psychological arrangements. An ardent supporter of a law reaching beyond the single states, Kelsen stressed the importance of establishing a system of international law emancipated from any political views. Kantorowicz was nominated for ignoring national barriers while seeking mutual understanding in his work for internationalism and pacifism. He asserted the necessity of sociological studies in order to understand the functional aspects of law, and his doctrine of free law contributed to the development of the sociology of law.
 
Nominator:
Name:Einar Tegen
Gender:M
Profession:Professor
University:Lund University
City:Lund
Country:SWEDEN (SE)
 
Comments: Kelsen fled when the Nazis had rose to power. After immigrating to the United States in 1940, he taught at Harvard, Berkeley and the Naval War College in Newport. Kantorowicz also fled Germany when the Nazis rose to power. Afterward, he taught at various universities in the United States and Italy (from 1935 Great Britain). The nominators suggested that the nominees should either be awarded separate prizes, or one of the prizes could be equally divided between them. The Nomination was also signed by Professor Åke Holmbäck, University of Uppsala and Professor Gunnar Myrdal, University of Stockholm.
 

To cite this section
MLA style: Nomination Archive. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2021. Thu. 9 Sep 2021. <https://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/archive/show.php?id=7633>