This 28 minutes long slide shows the history of Karolinska Institutet and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. It is divided into four parts: The 19th century history of Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet’s development during the 1900s; The Nobel Laureates at Karolinska Institutet; Selecting the Nobel Laureates and Overview of the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm.
The 19th century history of Karolinska Institutet stretches back to a Royal decree to quickly train Army Surgeons. It continues with the build up of a natural scientific research tradition which, by the end of the century saw Karolinska Institutet become established as a leading medical university. This research tradition soon catches the attention of the inventor of dynamite, Alfred Nobel.
Alfred Nobel’s final will covering the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine enhances Karolinska Institutet’s orientation into the natural sciences. From having been one among several Swedish medical academic institutions, Karolinska Institutet develops into a prominent international centre attracting some of the most qualified research talents around.
Over a period of 100 years, eight Swedes have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Of those, five have a direct connection to Karolinska Institutet.
The selection process for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine works with its own calendar year and involves about 3000 persons eligible for nomination.
The Nobel Foundation and the Prize-Awarding Institutions have different functions and are also located in different parts of Stockholm. The following presents an overview with a focus on the organizations responsible for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.