2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Awarded to 214 Nobel Laureates since 1901
“The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- – -/ one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine …”
(Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel)
Alfred Nobel had an active interest in medical research. Through Karolinska Institutet, he came into contact with Swedish physiologist Jöns Johansson around 1890. Johansson worked in Nobel’s laboratory in Sevran, France during a brief period the same year. Physiology or medicine was the third prize area Nobel mentioned in his will.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Most Popular Medicine Laureates
The Medicine Prize 1901-2000
In his will, Alfred Nobel stipulated that one part of his fortune should be awarded “the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine”.
Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine have been awarded between 1901 and 2017.
Medicine Prizes have been given to one Laureate only.
women have been awarded the Medicine Prize so far.
years was the age of the youngest Medicine Laureate ever, Frederick G. Banting, who was awarded the 1923 Medicine Prize for the discovery of insulin.
years was the age of the oldest Medicine Laureate ever, Peyton Rous, when he was awarded the Medicine Prize in 1966 for his discovery of tumour-inducing viruses.
is the average age of the Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine the year they were awarded the prize.
Which research area has been awarded most often? Why?
Göran K. Hansson, former Secretary of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine, answers frequently asked questions about the Medicine Prize
Play and Learn about the Human Blood Types
A blood transfusion involves taking blood from one person (a donor) and giving it to another to replace blood lost in major accidents, or during life-saving operations, for instance. Check out if you can perform a safe blood transfusion yourself!
The ABO Blood Groups
Human blood groups were discovered in 1901 by Karl Landsteiner, later awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Did You Know?
Two most common reasons why people don’t give blood are:
2016 Medicine Prize
Discoveries of Mechanisms for Autophagy
“Still we have so many questions”
Read or listen to an interview with Yoshinori Ohsumi following the announcement of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
“Dr Ohsumi was interested in working with problems that other investigators stayed away from”
Professor Juleen Zierath, member of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine, about Yoshinori Ohsumi’s research.
Autophagy – an Intracellular Recycling System
Watch Yoshinori Ohsumi delivering his Nobel Lecture about autophage – a fundamental process for degrading and recycling cellular components.
They Transformed the Treatment of Parasitic Diseases
“It is time for parasites to get a little more respect!”
Watch or read William C. Campbell’s speech at the Nobel Banquet in the Stockholm City Hall on 10 December 2015.
“It remains the most potent anti-infective agent in clinical use”
In his Nobel Lecture, Satoshi Ōmura talked about the origins and impact of Avermectin.
“Treatment of malaria relies on chemotherapy”
Youyou Tu described the long search for antimalarial drugs from traditional Chinese medicine in her Nobel Lecture.
A Positioning System, an “Inner GPS”
“The cognitive map is how we know where we are”
John O’Keefe describes his Nobel Prize awarded work in easy-to-understand terms.
“In love with science”
In this conversation May-Britt Moser talks about the pure joy of exploring the connection between behaviour and the brain.
“Even on work that hasn’t even been done”
In his Nobel Lecture, Edvard I. Moser described his research, and revealed news from his work today.