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RNA INTERFERENCE This year’s Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is shared by Professor Andrew Z. Fire at Stanford University, California, USA, and Professor Craig C. Mello at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, USA. They receive the prize for their discovery that double-stranded RNA triggers suppression of gene activity in a homology-dependent…

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Biographical

Peyton Rous was born in Baltimore in 1879. His mother’s ancestors were Huguenots who settled in Virginia after the Edict of Nantes. Just before the Civil War in the 1860’s her father, foreseeing disaster, bought land in Texas, moving his big family there after it ended. There he became a judge «riding three counties», and…

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Award ceremony speech

  Presentation Speech by Professor C.G. Bernhard, Member of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine of the Your Majesty, Royal Highnesses, Ladies and Gentlemen. Light, shadows and colours do not exist in the world around us. What we perceive visually and call light is the result of the action of a certain portion of…

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Award ceremony speech

Presentation Speech by F. Henschen, member of the Staff of Professors of the , on December 10, 1933 Your Majesty, Your Royal Highnesses, Honourable Audience. As long as human beings have existed they will have observed children’s resemblance to their parents, the resemblance or non-resemblance of brothers and sisters, and the appearance of characteristic qualities…

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Biographical

Charles Scott Sherrington was born on November 27, 1857, at Islington, London. He was the son of James Norton Sherrington, of Caister, Great Yarmouth, who died when Sherrington was a young child. Sherrington’s mother later married Dr. Caleb Rose of Ipswich, a good classical scholar and a noted archaeologist, whose interest in the English artists…

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Award ceremony speech

In regard to Einthoven’s work, Professor J.E. Johansson, Chairman of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine of the , made the following statement The Staff of Professors of the Royal Caroline Institute has on 23rd October, 1924, decided to confer this year’s Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to the Professor of Physiology at…

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by Frank Fenner and Suzanne Cory Medical research in Australia in the early 20th century Although politically independent since 1901, in the 1920s Australia was still culturally, scientifically and industrially a dependency of the United Kingdom. The total population then was some 7 million and there were three medical schools, in Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide.…

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Year  Laureate  Field  Prize Citation 1969 Ragnar Frisch Oslo University Jan Tinbergen The Netherland School of Economics Econometrics For having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes 1970 Paul A. Samuelson Massachusetts Institute of Technology Partial and General Equilibrium Theory For the scientific work through which he has developed static and…

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by Gösta Ekspong The research leading to an understanding of the nature of light and the emission and absorption processes has been of paramount importance. It led from a beginning in 1900 to the development of quantum physics, reaching a high peak in the 1920s and a fruition towards the mid-century years with the completion…

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by Geir Lundestad Secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, 1990 – Introduction This article is intended to serve as a basic survey of the history of the Nobel Peace Prize during its first 100 years. Since all the 107 Laureates selected from 1901 to 2000 are to be mentioned, the emphasis will be on facts…

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