Specification of Nobel Prize Linked Data - Version 1.0

RDF Vocabulary for expressing Nobel Prizes as Linked Data

Last Update:
12th of February, 2013
Editors:
Matthias Palmer, MetaSolutions, matthias@metasolutions.se
Hannes Ebner, MetaSolutions, hannes@metasolutions.se
Contributors:
Hans Mehlin, Nobel Media, hans.mehlin@nobelmedia.se

Abstract

The Nobel Prize Linked Data dataset contains the authoritative information about Nobel prices and Nobel Laureates since 1901. This document specifies new classes and properties that have been defined as well as which classes and properties that has been reused from existing vocabularies.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. The Nobel Prize Linked data dataset at a glance
    1. Overview
    2. Examples
  3. Cross-reference for classes and properties

1 Introduction

An important characteristic of Nobel Prizes are that they are often shared between up to three persons, in addition, the same person can receive multiple Nobel Prizes. To capture this the Nobel Prize expression in RDF makes use of three classes NobelPrize, LaureateAward, and Laureate. Every NobelPrize contains between one and three LaureateAwards that among other things contains a motivation. The Laureate, referenced from both the NobelPrize and LaureateAward is a subclass of foaf:Person containing generic biographic information.

In addition to this specification there is an OWL ontology available.

2. The Nobel Prize Linked data datast at a glance

An alphabetical index of terms, by class (concepts) and by property (relationships, attributes), are given below. All the terms are hyperlinked to their detailed description for quick reference.

Classes: AwardFile, Category, FileType, Laureate, LaureateAward, NobelPrize, PrizeFile,

Properties: awardFile, category, contribution, field, fileType, laureate, laureateAward, motivation, nobelPrize, prizeFile, share, university, year,

2.1. Overview

This following figure shows the classes and properties introduced for the Nobel Prize Linked data dataset in orange and black respectively. The classes and properties in green are reused classes and properties from established vocabularies. The established vocabularies used are (with corresponding namespace); dbpedia(db) and dbpedia ontology (dbo), the Dublin Core Terms (dcterms), Friend of a Friend ontology (foaf), Web Ontology Language (owl), Simple Knowledge Organization System (skos), and naturally RDF (rdf) and RDF vocabulary language (rdfs). Those classes and properties that are not given an namespace below are in the nobel own namespace, that is http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/.

The following properties are also used in the dataset but could not easily be drawn in the figure above:

PropertyUsed in classesComment
rdfs:labelAwardFile and PrizeFileName of the resource
dbo:birthPlaceLaureateLaureates place of birth, typically points to both a country and a city.
dbo:deathPlaceLaureateLaureates place of death if any, typically points to both a country and a city.
dbo:successordbo:CountryRelates old countries that no more exist to their modern counterpart(s).
db:dateOfBirthLaureateLaureates birtday in the xsd:date datatype.
db:dateOfDeathLaureateThe day the laureate died in the xsd:date datatype, if not still alive.
foaf:birthdayLaureateDuplicate of dbp:dateOfBirth in foaf namespace.
foaf:nameLaureateThis is the full name, including any middle names.
foaf:familyNameLaureateThe family name.
foaf:givenNameLaureateThe given name or first name of the laureate.
foaf:genderLaureateThe gender of the laureate
owl:sameAsdbo:Country and dbo:CityPoints to dbpedia entries representing the same country or city.
dcterms:subjectLaureate and LaureateAwardIndicates the field of expertize as a string.

3.2. Examples

Here is an example of the Nobel Prize in Physics 1901:

<http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/nobelprize/Physics/1901>
      rdf:type nobel:NobelPrize ,
               dbpo:Award;
      rdfs:label "Physics 1901" ;
      nobel:category <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/category/Physics> ;
      nobel:laureate <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureate/1> ;
      dcterms:hasPart <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureateaward/1> ;
      nobel:prizeFile <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/prizefile/1> , 
                      <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/prizefile/979> , 
                      <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/prizefile/978> ;
      nobel:year 1901 ;

The Nobel Laureate for the Nobel Prize above is Laureate William Röntgen:

<http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureate/1>
      rdf:type nobel:Laureate , 
               foaf:Person ,
               dbpo:Person ;
      rdfs:label "Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen" ;
      nobel:affiliation <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/university/Munich_University> ;
      nobel:category <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/category/Physics> ;
      nobel:laureateAward <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureateaward/1> ;
      nobel:nobelPrize <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/nobelprize/Physics/1901> ;
      dbpo:birthPlace <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/city/Lennep_(now_Remscheid)> , 
                             <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/country/Prussia_(now_Germany)> ;
      dbpo:deathPlace <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/city/Munich> , 
                             <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/country/Germany> ;
      dbp:dateOfBirth "1845-03-27"^^xsd:date ;
      dbp:dateOfDeath "1923-02-10"^^xsd:date ;
      foaf:birthday "1845-03-27"^^xsd:date ;
      foaf:familyName "Röntgen" ;
      foaf:gender "male" ;
      foaf:givenName "Wilhelm Conrad" ;
      foaf:name "Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen" ;

The Nobel Laureate and the Nobel Prize is also connected via a LaureateAward containing specific information such as the motivation:

<http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureateaward/1>
      rdf:type nobel:LaureateAward ,
               dbpo:Award;
      dcterms:isPartOf <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/nobelprize/Physics/1901>
      rdfs:label "Physics 1901, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen" ;
      nobel:awardFile <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/awardfile/4390> , 
                      <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/awardfile/1> , 
                      <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/awardfile/3250> , 
                      <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/awardfile/3514> , 
                      <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/awardfile/2732> ;
      nobel:category <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/category/Physics> ;
      nobel:field "X-rays, atomic physics"@en ;
      nobel:laureate <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureate/1> ;
      nobel:motivation 
           '''"in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery 
               of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him"'''@en , 
           '''"såsom ett erkännande av den utomordentliga förtjänst han inlagt genom upptäckten 
               av de egendomliga strålar, som sedermera uppkallats efter honom"'''@sv ;
      nobel:share "1" ;
      nobel:university <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/university/Munich_University> ;
      nobel:year 1901 ;

3. Cross-reference for classes and properties

Class: nobel:AwardFile

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/AwardFile

Award File - Some form of media related to the award given to a specific Laureate.

sub-class-of:
foaf:Document
in-range-of:
nobel:awardFile

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Class: nobel:Category

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/Category

Nobel Prize category - The Nobel Prize is given in six different categories.

sub-class-of:
skos:Concept
in-range-of:
nobel:category

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Class: nobel:FileType

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/FileType

File Type - A file type indicates the nature of a prizeFile, for instance Acceptance Speach, Documentary, Press Release etc.

sub-class-of:
skos:Concept
in-range-of:
nobel:fileType

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Class: nobel:Laureate

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/Laureate

Laureate - A laureate is a person or organization who receives one or several Nobel Prizes.

sub-class-of:
foaf:Agent
in-domain-of:
nobel:laureateAward
nobel:nobelPrize
in-range-of:
nobel:laureate

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Class: nobel:LaureateAward

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/LaureateAward

Laureate Award - The Nobel Prize is often divided to several laureates. LaureateAward captures the details of the award given to each laureate, such as share of the Nobel Prize, motivation etc.

sub-class-of:
http://dbpedia.org/ontology/Award
in-domain-of:
nobel:motivation
nobel:contribution
nobel:laureate
nobel:university
nobel:awardFile
in-range-of:
nobel:laureateAward

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Class: nobel:NobelPrize

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/NobelPrize

Nobel Prize - The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the prizes in 1895. The prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace were first awarded in 1901. The Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway, while the other prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden.

sub-class-of:
http://dbpedia.org/ontology/Award
in-domain-of:
nobel:category
nobel:prizeFile
see-also:
http://dbpedia.org/resource/Nobel_Prize
in-range-of:
nobel:nobelPrize

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Class: nobel:PrizeFile

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/PrizeFile

Prize File - Some form of media related to the Nobel Prize.

sub-class-of:
foaf:Document
in-domain-of:
nobel:fileType
in-range-of:
nobel:prizeFile

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Property: nobel:awardFile

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/awardFile

awardFile - Points to an AwardFile, that is some form of media related to the award for this laureate.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
nobel:LaureateAward
Range:
nobel:AwardFile

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Property: nobel:category

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/category

category - The category this Nobel Prize belongs to.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
nobel:NobelPrize
Range:
nobel:Category

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Property: nobel:contribution

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/contribution

contribution - The contribution for which the laureate was given the Nobel Prize.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
nobel:LaureateAward
Range:
rdf:PlainLiteral

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Property: nobel:field

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/field

field - The field within the category the Nobel Prize was awarded for.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
http://dbpedia.org/ontology/LaureateAward
Range:
rdf:PlainLiteral

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Property: nobel:fileType

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/fileType

fileType - Points to an FileType, that is, what kind of prizeFile this is, for instance Acceptance Speach, Documentary, Press Release etc.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
nobel:PrizeFile
Range:
nobel:FileType

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Property: nobel:laureate

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/laureate

laureate - Which laureates that receive an award.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
nobel:LaureateAward
Range:
nobel:Laureate

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Property: nobel:laureateAward

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/laureateAward

laureateAward - Connects each laureate with the part of the Nobel Prize, that is the LaureateAward, he or she received.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
http://dbpedia.org/ontology/Award
Domain:
nobel:Laureate
Range:
nobel:LaureateAward

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Property: nobel:motivation

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/motivation

motivation - The motivation for why the laureate was given the Nobel Prize.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
nobel:LaureateAward
Range:
rdf:PlainLiteral

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Property: nobel:nobelPrize

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/nobelPrize

nobelPrize - Points to the Nobel Prize received by a Laureate.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
http://dbpedia.org/ontology/Award
Domain:
nobel:Laureate
Range:
nobel:NobelPrize

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Property: nobel:prizeFile

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/prizeFile

prizeFile - Points to an PrizeFile, that is some form of media related to the Nobel Prize.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
nobel:NobelPrize
Range:
nobel:PrizeFile

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Property: nobel:share

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/share

share - The share of a Nobel Prize given to a Laureate, may be 1, 2 or 4 corresponding to the whole prize, half the prize and a quarter of the prize.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
http://dbpedia.org/ontology/LaureateAward
Range:
xsd:Integer

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Property: nobel:university

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/university

university - Points to the universities the Laureate was affiliated with during the period he did his contribution that laid the ground for the award.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
nobel:LaureateAward
Range:
http://dbpedia.org/ontology/University

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Property: nobel:year

URI: http://data.nobelprize.org/terms/year

year - The year a given Nobel Prize was given.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
http://dbpedia.org/ontology/Award
Range:
xsd:Integer

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