© MetaSolutions AB 2011-2013.
The Nobel Prize Linked Data dataset contains the authoritative information about Nobel prices and Nobel Laureates since 1901. This document specifies new classes and properties that have been defined as well as which classes and properties that has been reused from existing vocabularies.
An important characteristic of Nobel Prizes are that they are often shared between up to three persons, in addition, the same person can receive multiple Nobel Prizes. To capture this the Nobel Prize expression in RDF makes use of three classes NobelPrize, LaureateAward, and Laureate. Every NobelPrize contains between one and three LaureateAwards that among other things contains a motivation. The Laureate, referenced from both the NobelPrize and LaureateAward is a subclass of foaf:Person containing generic biographic information.
In addition to this specification there is an OWL ontology available.
An alphabetical index of terms, by class (concepts) and by property (relationships, attributes), are given below. All the terms are hyperlinked to their detailed description for quick reference.
This following figure shows the classes and properties introduced for the Nobel Prize Linked data dataset in orange and black respectively. The classes and properties in green are reused classes and properties from established vocabularies. The established vocabularies used are (with corresponding namespace); dbpedia(db) and dbpedia ontology (dbo), the Dublin Core Terms (dcterms), Friend of a Friend ontology (foaf), Web Ontology Language (owl), Simple Knowledge Organization System (skos), and naturally RDF (rdf) and RDF vocabulary language (rdfs). Those classes and properties that are not given an namespace below are in the nobel own namespace, that is
The following properties are also used in the dataset but could not easily be drawn in the figure above:
|Property||Used in classes||Comment|
|rdfs:label||AwardFile and PrizeFile||Name of the resource|
|dbo:birthPlace||Laureate||Laureates place of birth, typically points to both a country and a city.|
|dbo:deathPlace||Laureate||Laureates place of death if any, typically points to both a country and a city.|
|dbo:successor||dbo:Country||Relates old countries that no more exist to their modern counterpart(s).|
|db:dateOfBirth||Laureate||Laureates birtday in the xsd:date datatype.|
|db:dateOfDeath||Laureate||The day the laureate died in the xsd:date datatype, if not still alive.|
|foaf:birthday||Laureate||Duplicate of dbp:dateOfBirth in foaf namespace.|
|foaf:name||Laureate||This is the full name, including any middle names.|
|foaf:familyName||Laureate||The family name.|
|foaf:givenName||Laureate||The given name or first name of the laureate.|
|foaf:gender||Laureate||The gender of the laureate|
|owl:sameAs||dbo:Country and dbo:City||Points to dbpedia entries representing the same country or city.|
|dcterms:subject||Laureate and LaureateAward||Indicates the field of expertize as a string.|
Here is an example of the Nobel Prize in Physics 1901:
<http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/nobelprize/Physics/1901> rdf:type nobel:NobelPrize , dbpo:Award; rdfs:label "Physics 1901" ; nobel:category <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/category/Physics> ; nobel:laureate <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureate/1> ; dcterms:hasPart <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureateaward/1> ; nobel:prizeFile <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/prizefile/1> , <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/prizefile/979> , <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/prizefile/978> ; nobel:year 1901 ;
The Nobel Laureate for the Nobel Prize above is Laureate William Röntgen:
<http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureate/1> rdf:type nobel:Laureate , foaf:Person , dbpo:Person ; rdfs:label "Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen" ; nobel:affiliation <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/university/Munich_University> ; nobel:category <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/category/Physics> ; nobel:laureateAward <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureateaward/1> ; nobel:nobelPrize <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/nobelprize/Physics/1901> ; dbpo:birthPlace <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/city/Lennep_(now_Remscheid)> , <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/country/Prussia_(now_Germany)> ; dbpo:deathPlace <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/city/Munich> , <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/country/Germany> ; dbp:dateOfBirth "1845-03-27"^^xsd:date ; dbp:dateOfDeath "1923-02-10"^^xsd:date ; foaf:birthday "1845-03-27"^^xsd:date ; foaf:familyName "RÃ¶ntgen" ; foaf:gender "male" ; foaf:givenName "Wilhelm Conrad" ; foaf:name "Wilhelm Conrad RÃ¶ntgen" ;
The Nobel Laureate and the Nobel Prize is also connected via a LaureateAward containing specific information such as the motivation:
<http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureateaward/1> rdf:type nobel:LaureateAward , dbpo:Award; dcterms:isPartOf <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/nobelprize/Physics/1901> rdfs:label "Physics 1901, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen" ; nobel:awardFile <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/awardfile/4390> , <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/awardfile/1> , <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/awardfile/3250> , <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/awardfile/3514> , <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/awardfile/2732> ; nobel:category <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/category/Physics> ; nobel:field "X-rays, atomic physics"@en ; nobel:laureate <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/laureate/1> ; nobel:motivation '''"in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him"'''@en , '''"såsom ett erkännande av den utomordentliga förtjänst han inlagt genom upptäckten av de egendomliga strålar, som sedermera uppkallats efter honom"'''@sv ; nobel:share "1" ; nobel:university <http://data.nobelprize.org/resource/university/Munich_University> ; nobel:year 1901 ;
Award File - Some form of media related to the award given to a specific Laureate.
Nobel Prize category - The Nobel Prize is given in six different categories.
File Type - A file type indicates the nature of a prizeFile, for instance Acceptance Speach, Documentary, Press Release etc.
Laureate - A laureate is a person or organization who receives one or several Nobel Prizes.
Laureate Award - The Nobel Prize is often divided to several laureates. LaureateAward captures the details of the award given to each laureate, such as share of the Nobel Prize, motivation etc.
Nobel Prize - The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the prizes in 1895. The prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace were first awarded in 1901. The Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway, while the other prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden.
Prize File - Some form of media related to the Nobel Prize.
awardFile - Points to an AwardFile, that is some form of media related to the award for this laureate.
category - The category this Nobel Prize belongs to.
contribution - The contribution for which the laureate was given the Nobel Prize.
field - The field within the category the Nobel Prize was awarded for.
fileType - Points to an FileType, that is, what kind of prizeFile this is, for instance Acceptance Speach, Documentary, Press Release etc.
laureate - Which laureates that receive an award.
laureateAward - Connects each laureate with the part of the Nobel Prize, that is the LaureateAward, he or she received.
motivation - The motivation for why the laureate was given the Nobel Prize.
nobelPrize - Points to the Nobel Prize received by a Laureate.
prizeFile - Points to an PrizeFile, that is some form of media related to the Nobel Prize.
university - Points to the universities the Laureate was affiliated with during the period he did his contribution that laid the ground for the award.