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Nobel Prize in Physics 1983

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021

This year’s Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded with one half jointly to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and the other half to Giorgio Parisi. They have laid the foundation of our knowledge of the Earth’s climate and how humanity influences it, as well as revolutionized the theory of disordered materials and random processes.

©Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

The 2021 Nobel Prize laureates in physics

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The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021

Building molecules is a difficult art. Benjamin List and David MacMillan are awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 for their development of a precise new tool for molecular construction: organocatalysis. This has had a great impact on pharmaceutical research, and has made chemistry greener.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021

©Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

The 2021 Nobel Prize laureates in chemistry

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The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2021

This year’s medicine prize is awarded to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian. Their discoveries have unlocked one of the secrets of nature by explaining the molecular basis for sensing heat, cold and mechanical force, which is fundamental for our ability to feel, interpret and interact with our internal and external environment.

© The Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine. Ill. Mattias Karlén

The 2021 Nobel Prize laureates in physiology or medicine

Interview with David Julius
David Julius was woken up by a text from his sister-in-law. “Someone has been trying to reach you… I didn’t want to give him your phone number”.
David Julius

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The Nobel Prize in Literature 2021

The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2021 is awarded to the novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah “for his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents.”

Gurnah was born in 1948 and grew up on the island of Zanzibar in the Indian Ocean but arrived in England as a refugee in the end of the 1960s. He has published ten novels and a number of short stories. The theme of the refugee’s disruption runs throughout his work.
Abdulrazak Gurnah

Ill. Niklas Elmehed © Nobel Prize Outreach.

Interview with Abdulrazak Gurnah
In this brief conversation, recorded just after he heard the news, Abdulrazak Gurnah’s surprise at receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature is evident. “I was just thinking ‘I wonder who’ll get it’”, says Gurnah: “I thought it was a prank, I really did.”
Abdulrazak Gurnah

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The Nobel Peace Prize 2021

The Norwegian Nobel Committee is convinced that freedom of expression and freedom of information are crucial prerequisites for democracy and protect against war and conflict. The 2021 peace prize laureates are representative of all journalists who stand up for this ideal in a world in which democracy and freedom of the press face increasingly adverse conditions.

Ill. Niklas Elmehed © Nobel Prize Outreach.

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize to Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov “for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace.”
Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov

Ill. Niklas Elmehed © Nobel Prize Outreach.

Hear Maria Ressa’s reaction when she hears the news from Olav Njølstad, Secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, on being awarded the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize just before the public announcement. “I’m speechless!”

Ill. Niklas Elmehed © Nobel Prize Outreach.

The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 102 times to 137 Nobel Prize laureates between 1901 and 2021, 109 individuals and 28 organizations.
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© Photo: Ken Opprann/Nobel Prize Outreach

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Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2021

This year’s Laureates – David Card, Joshua Angrist and Guido Imbens – have provided us with new insights about the labour market and shown what conclusions about cause and effect can be drawn from natural experiments. Their approach has spread to other fields and revolutionised empirical research.

©Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

The 2021 economic sciences laureates

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Nobel Week 2021 takes place on 6–12 December in Stockholm and Oslo. This year’s festivities will be a mixture of digital and physical events. Many of the events will be streamed and possible to follow online.
Nobel Prize award ceremony 2020

Nobel Prize award ceremony at the Stockholm City Hall, 10 December 2020.

© Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Dan Lepp

Explore prizes and laureates


Nobel Prize Conversations season 3

Listen to new episodes of our podcast ‘Nobel Prize Conversations’! We will be releasing a new episode every second Thursday featuring a new Nobel Prize laureate. During these six episodes we meet one laureate from each prize category. The episodes focus on how our future can develop in different areas.
Nobel Prize conversations

Discover Nobel Prize lessons

Discover more about the Nobel Prizes with the easy-to-use Nobel Prize lessons. Watch the videos, look through the manual and slides, print the texts for students and start the class.
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© Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

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Nobel Prize Dialogue Latin America and the Caribbean
United by Science will bring science students from throughout Latin America and the Caribbean into conversation with Nobel Prize laureates to explore how science and scientists can most effectively make a positive impact on society.

Read about the event in English, Portuguese and Spanish.
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Nobel Prize facts

Youngest Nobel Prize laureate ever is Malala Yousafzai. She was 17 years old when she was awarded the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.

Malala Yousafzai

The Nobel Prize call

I think it's a shock

Surprised, overwhelmed, terrified, happy. How would you react if you suddenly heard that you had been awarded the Nobel Prize? Here, six laureates share their stories.

More about the ‘Nobel Prize call’

Calling the Nobel Prize laureates

Alfred Nobel – Established the Nobel Prizes

Chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK (today about 342 million dollars) to fund the Nobel Prizes.

When Alfred was five years old his father Immanuel, an inventor and builder, moved to St. Petersburg. Alfred joined him a few years later.

Alfred Nobel 1853

Based on Alfred’s work and patents a whole new industry developed. Within ten years, 16 explosives producing factories had been founded in 14 countries.

Nobels Dynamite 10 Nov 1906

In his will of 27 November 1895, signed in Paris, Alfred Nobel specified that the bulk of his fortune should be used for prizes.

Alfred Nobel Will

Questions and answers

Do you have questions about the Nobel Prize and the Nobel Prize laureates? Find answers to the most commonly asked questions in the FAQ.

Nobel Prize nominations

In his last will and testament, Alfred Nobel specifically designated the institutions responsible for the prizes he wished to be established.

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Nobel destinations

Stockholm, Sweden
The Nobel Prize: Ideas Changing the World (3)

The museum showcases the discoveries and creativity of the Nobel Laureates.

Photo: Åke Eson Lindman

NPC Nye Nobels Hage 10

The story of each Peace Laureate is told at the museum.

Photo: Johannes Granseth / Nobel Peace Center

In memoriam

Physics Laureate Antony Hewish passed away on 13 September, aged 97. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 1974 for his pioneering research in radio astrophysics and the studies that led to detecting pulsars.

Edmond H. Fischer was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1992 for discoveries concerning reversible phosphorylation, opening up novel insight into basic protein regulations in cells. He passed away on 27 August.

Edmond Fischer
Toshihide Maskawa passed away on 23 July 2021. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2008 for “the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature.”

Steven Weinberg passed away on 23 July at the age of 88. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 1979 “for contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles.”