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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1931
Carl Bosch, Friedrich Bergius

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Friedrich Bergius - Facts

Friedrich Bergius

Friedrich Bergius

Born: 11 October 1884, Goldschmieden, near Breslau, Germany (now Poland)

Died: 30 March 1949, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany, I.G. Farbenindustrie A.G., Mannheim-Rheinau, Germany

Prize motivation: "in recognition of their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods"

Field: industrial chemistry

Prize share: 1/2

Work

Fossil fuels - coal, oil and gas - contain energy that can be converted into other forms through combustion. Coal in solid form is largely made up of the element carbon in pure form, while oil is rich in compounds of carbon and hydrogen - hydrocarbons. In 1913 Friedrich Bergius developed a method for transforming a solid form of coal - lignite - into liquefied oil. The method entails exposing the coal to hydrogen gas under high pressure to form hydrocarbons. The process has been used primarily to produce fuel for vehicles.

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